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The Washington Times 
                    April  23, 1998, Thursday, Final Edition 
LENGTH: 246 words 
HEADLINE: Why is  Burma  a leading abuser of human rights? 
Your April 19 travel article "The way things were - and still are" disturbed
me immensely.  Your reporter feels that  Burma  is a safer place than 
Washington. He is wrong. 
    In Rangoon and throughout  Burma,  hundreds of thousands of undercover 
police - known as military intelligence agents - patrol 24 hours a day. That's
why your reporter didn't see many uniformed policemen. 
    No Burmese citizen talks about politics in public because such conduct
one arrested by the secret police.  That's why your reporter didn't hear much 
talk about  Burma's  regime. 
    As a Burmese in exile, let me explain why  Burma  is singled out as a
rights abuser. 
    In 1988, after the State Law and Order Restoration Council seized power, I
fled from home to the jungles of the Thai-Burmese border.  Before I left, my 
12-year-old sister asked me to buy a Mickey Mouse watch to give to her when I 
    But because the government has stayed in power, I have never had a chance
come home.  Eight years later, I got a message from  Burma  that my little 
sister had been arrested by the regime in December 1996 when she took part in 
student protests. 
    She is in jail, but I do not know her whereabouts.  I wonder how long she 
will wait in one of  Burma's  notorious prisons for her Mickey Mouse watch. 
    When my family reunites someday, I cannot imagine how many of my brothers 
and sisters will be left.  Pray and hope have become my daily business. 

LOAD-DATE: April 23, 1998 
Agence France Presse 
                    April  23, 1998 Myanamr-arrest 12:39 GMT 
SECTION: International news 

HEADLINE: Exiled  Myanmar  government condemns junta over activist's arrest 
 Myanmar's  exiled government Thursday condemned a 25-year sentence given to 
a former parliamentarian, calling it part of a systematic attempt by the
junta to intimidate opposition. 
   The Thailand-based National Coalition Government of the Union of  Burma
in a statement that the arrest and sentencing of opposition figure San San was
an attempt to break up the National League for Democracy (NLD). 
   "This is one of the acts emerging from the systematic attempt ... (by the 
military junta) to break up the National League for Democracy," the statement 
    Myanmar  democracy advocate and former parliamentarian San San was
to 25 years in jail for giving an interview to a foreign media company, an 
opposition student group said Tuesday. 
   The government-in-exile statement said the arrest of San San by the ruling 
State Peace and Development Council (SPDC) showed that the fundamental human 
rights of the people of  Myanmar (Burma)  continued to be violated. 
   "Since a few months back, the SPDC military dictatorship has been 
systematically harassing the members of parliament-elect of the NLD and the 
party workers ... with arrest, obstruction and restrictions," it said. 
   The All  Burma  Students' Democratic Front Tuesday said San San was
in October last year and sentenced earlier this month under the 1923 Official 
Secrets Act. 
   San San was sentenced to 20 years in prison for "high treason" in 1990 but 
was released in 1992 under an amnesty, the students' front said. She was 

dismissed from parliament after her first detention. 
   An official SPDC source said San San had been re-sentenced to 25 years
her amnesty for the original treason charge was revoked in October last year. 
   The senior official -- who did not specify the new charges on which San San
had been detained -- denied her imprisonment was the result of an interview
foreign media. 
   The NLD under Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi swept 1990 elections but the 
junta, known as the State Law and Order Restoration Council until late last 
year, has refused to recognise the result. 
Agence France Presse 
                             April  21, 1998 14:24 GMT 
SECTION: International news 
HEADLINE: UN human rights body assails abuses in  Myanmar  
DATELINE: (ADDS report of fresh arrest in  Myanmar)  
   GENEVA, April 21 (AFP) - The UN Human Rights Commission on Tuesday 
unanimously adopted a resolution attacking widespread human rights abuses in 
   The 53 member states expressed "deep concern" at continuing human rights 
violations in  Myanmar (Burma) , including "extrajudicial, summary or
   The text of the resolution also referred to cases of torture, abuses of
and children by government agents, arbitrary seizures of land and property, 
violations of freedom of movement and "the imposition of oppressive measures 
directed in particular at ethnic and religious minorities." 
   A report presented to the commission said the people of  Myanmar  live in 
fear while the military government has failed to take steps toward democracy
has refused to cooperate with the UN special rapporteur. 
   Rapporteur Rajsoomer Lallah of Mauritius reported welcome, but limited 
improvement in restrictions on political parties, and the resolution urged 
further efforts. 
   These would include ensuring the "safety and physical well-being of all 
political leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ... and to release 
immediately and unconditionally those detained for political reasons." 
    In Bangkok Tuesday, a  Myanmar  opposition student group reported that 
democracy advocate San San had been sentenced to 25 years' jail after giving
interview to the BBC. 
    An official source in  Myanmar's  ruling State Peace and Development
said that San San, amnestied in 1992 on charges of high treason, had been 
re-sentenced to 25 years "due to her fabrications and distribution of false 
information domestically and internationally to create instability and unrest
the country." 
    The UN rapporteur spoke of documents, photographs and testimony on
of torture and arbitrary executions, particularly in the government's military
push into regions dominated by ethnic minority groups. 
   He called for political detente in  Myanmar  and a general amnesty. 
Copyright 1998 U.P.I. 
                      April  22, 1998, Wednesday, BC cycle 
SECTION: International 

HEADLINE: Canadian policies against  Burma  stay 
 Foreign Minister Lloyd Axworthy says Canada has no plans to resume aid to 
 Burma  soon because of human rights violations in the southeast Asian nation.
His remarks came after a report from Beijing quoted International Cooperation 
Minister Diane Marleau as saying Canada may resume bilateral aid to  Burma  
''sooner rather than later.'' Marleau, now back in Ottawa after a two-week
to Bangladesh, Thailand and China, says her statement was taken out of
In a clarification today, Marleau says Canada has not changed its policy and 
will not resume economic aid until Rangoon improves its human rights record. 
She says Canada's trade restrictions on  Burma  also remain.  Axworthy 

announced the restrictions in August 1997 after several failed attempts to
a dialogue on human rights with  Burma's  military rulers.  Canada ended its 
bilateral economic aid to  Burma  in 1988 after the military junta in Rangoon 
massacred thousands of people in a brutal crackdown on pro-democracy 
demonstrators.  Among groups opposing resumption of aid to Rangoon is Canadian
Friends of  Burma,  an Ottawa-based non-government organization that monitors 
human rights violations in that country. Spokeswoman Christine Harmston, 
recently back from a trip to the Burmese border, told United Press
the military is still holding thousands of political activists in prison.  She
says it is using women and children, among the thousands forced into slave 
labor, to build roads and clear land mines in its fight against ethnic
across the country.  The junta has been holding Nobel Prize winner Aung San
Kyi under house arrest since her party, the National League for Democracy, won
sweeping election victory in 1990.  --- 
    Copyright 1998 by United Press International.  All rights reserved.  --- 
Agence France Presse 
                            April  22, 1998 12:54 GMT 
SECTION: International news 
HEADLINE:  Myanmar  junta says UN "duped" by rights workers 
Myanmar's  military junta on Wednesday said a UN Human Rights Commission 
resolution attacking it for widespread human rights abuses was part of an 
international plot led by Amnesty International. 
   The 53 member states of the UN on Tuesday expressed "deep concern" at 
continuing human rights violations in  Myanmar,  including "extrajudicial, 
summary or arbitrary executions." 
   The resolution also mentioned cases of torture, abuses of women and
by government agents, arbitrary seizures of land and property, violations of 
freedom of movement and "the imposition of oppressive measures directed in 
particular at ethnic and religious minorities." 
   The resolution followed reports by Amnesty International last week which
hunderds of people had been tortured and killed among  Myanmar's  Shan ethnic 
minority over the past two years. 
   But a senior  Myanmar  official dismissed the reports and said the UN had 
been fooled by Amnesty's "deliberate fabrications". 
   "These anti- Myanmar  government elements have been playing this game very 
annoyingly and have managed to dupe almost everyone," the official told AFP. 
   "But if someone takes the time to really look into their strategy one can 
realise the game they are playing." 
   He cited the example of a group of Karen ethnic rebels who defected from 
their guerrilla movement earlier this month and signed a peace pact with

   "If such allegations were true why did 99 percent of all the ethnic groups 
that were fighting against the successive  Myanmar  governments renounce their
armed struggle and join the government's national unity and national
process?" the official said. 
   A report presented to the UN commission said the people of  Myanmar  lived
fear and noted the regime had refused to cooperate with the UN special
rapporteur Rajsoomer Lallah of Mauritius. 
   The resolution urged  Myanmar  to ensure the "safety and physical well-
of all political leaders, including Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, ... and to release 
immediately and unconditionally those detained for political reasons." 
   On Tuesday a  Myanmar  opposition student group reported that democracy 
advocate San San had been sentenced to 25 years' jail after giving an
to the British Broadcasting Corporation. 
    Myanmar's  ruling State Peace and Development Council -- known as the
Law and Order Restoration Council until last year -- seized power in 1988
massive student uprisings and imposed a strict military rule. 

   It has refused to recognise the result of a 1990 election which was won in
landslide by the National League for Democracy led by Nobel prize winner Aung 
San Suu Kyi. 
AP Worldstream 
                  April  23, 1998; Thursday 10:55 Eastern Time 
SECTION: International news 
DISTRIBUTION: Asia;England;Europe;Britian;Scandinavia;Middle East;Africa;India
HEADLINE:  Myanmar  government expresses worries about food security 
 Myanmar -Food Shortage 
     Myanmar's  military government expressed worries Thursday over prospects 
for all nations to ensure secure food supplies as the economic climate worsens
and foreign aid declines. 
   ''Development aid has declined in the recent years. The present situation 
looks no brighter. Without a favorable international climate, the cherished
of food security for all will be unattainable and remain a dream,'' said Lt. 
Gen. Khin Nyunt, a senior leader of the ruling junta. 
   Speaking at the opening of an Asian-Pacific ministerial-level meeting of
United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization, Khin Nyunt said the
turmoil facing the newly industrializing countries in the region will affect 
trade and investment, and many of the developing countries suffer under a
external debt burden. 
   To achieve and maintain food security, he said,  Myanmar  and other
in the region need a favorable economic environment, a respite from the debt 
burden, remunerative prices for their agricultural products and greater 
investment and aid for agriculture. 
   Delegates to the FAO meeting expressed concern over the El Nino weather 
phenomenon and other natural disasters that affect food security in the 
Asia-Pacific region. 
   They also worried about the wildfires ravaging forests in the region. They 
asked the FAO to help minimize the damage and help develop effective 

strategies and policies to ''prevent, combat and manage forest fires.'' 
   The April 20-24 conference brings together 140 officials from 26 nations,
U.N. agencies and 11 private organizations. They include the prime minister of
Tonga, agriculture ministers and 

Business Times (Singapore) 
                                 April  22, 1998 
SECTION: South-East Asia; Pg. 6 
HEADLINE: 11 int'l courier firms obey Yangon order to shut down 
BYLINE: Ronnie Lim 
    ALL eleven international courier firms ordered by  Myanmar  to cease 
operations in the country did so by Monday's deadline, sources said. 
   They were unable to get a reprieve from the authorities, leaving a joint 
venture between DHL of the US and  Myanmar  Posts and "Some firms have tried 
contacting the Ministry of Communications, Posts and Telegraphs (MCPT) which 
 issued the April 6 directive to them to shut down, but were told it was not 
accepting appointments at this time," one company official told BT after 
contacting his agent in Yangon. 
   He said his principal there is trying to appeal for a temporary extension, 
pending a settlement which may require a similar arrangement like that secured
by DHL. 
   "In the meantime, most of the courier companies there, which have regional 
offices in Bangkok or Singapore, will find  Myanmar -bound packages stuck in 
these two cities." 
   Another industry official said that the Conference of Asia-Pacific Express 
Couriers (Capec) -which covers the big players like Federal Express, United 
Parcel Service, TNT and also DHL -had discussed the  Myanmar  issue at
meetings, "but no one expected them to just issue a directive like that, which
caught everyone by surprise". 
   The April 6 directive from the MCPT ordered the 11 companies -- which had 
been there for the last five to six years -to stop operations within a 
fortnight, as they had been operating "without official permission" though
had earlier got the nod from the Ministry of Trade. 

   The move is understood to have something to do with controls on the flow of
parcels in and out of the country. DHL, for instance, noted that the country's
postal policy listed courier services as a security service. 
   DHL itself negotiated for a joint venture with  Myanmar  Posts and 
Telecommunications as far back as six years ago, and only managed to seal the 
deal about two years back. 
   Another official said yesterday that there are no clear directions at this 
time, until the courier companies get to speak to MCPT officials. "The
has not been taken up at the Capec conference level yet." 
AFX News 
                           April  22, 1998, Wednesday 
SECTION: Company News; Joint Ventures; Markets; Stocks 
LENGTH: 252 words 
HEADLINE: Premier Oil marked higher on analysts trip, hopes of Singapore gas 
    LONDON (AFX) - Premier Oil PLC saw its shares marked steadily higher in 
busy  trade as upbeat rumours filtered back from a trip hosted by the company
leading analysts to its operations in  Myanmar,  dealers claimed.  
    One suggestion coming out of the trip, according to a leading analyst, is 
that the company may be about to sign a deal to sell gas from its West Natuna 
field in  Myanmar  to Singapore, for use in a new petrochemicals complex under
production. Without such a deal, gas from West Natuna would have no market and
such a contract would thus add output of around 17,000 barrels of oil
per day to Premier's production from the year 2000 onwards.  
    However, the commentator suggested that the Premier analysts' trip might
part also be responsible for weakness in the share price of Cairn Energy PLC  
since the visit may have reawakened concerns about the lack of sales outlets 
for  the Scottish explorer, should it add to its already sizeable reserves in
    A Cairn spokesman today told AFX News that rumours of further delays to
current licensing round in Bangladesh were unfounded but the shares still  
suffered in the face of further heavy selling by private investors.  
    At 11.19 AM Premier's shares were 1 pence better at 38-1/2 pence while  
Cairn's stock dived 23 pence to 293-1/2 pence. 
                           April  22, 1998, Wednesday 
SECTION: Nationwide General News; Overseas News 
LENGTH: 138 words 
HEADLINE: TOKYO, April 22 Asia Pulse - Nichimen Corp. had contracted 
   TOKYO, April 22 Asia Pulse - Nichimen Corp. had contracted to provide an 
asphalt-making facility to a petrochemical concern operated by  Myanmar's  
Ministry of Energy, and to supervise installation at a local oil refinery, 
company sources said Wednesday.  
     Myanmar  currently imports about 100,000 tons of asphalt a year for road 
     Producing half that amount domestically will save the cash-strapped 
Southeast Asian nation considerable foreign exchange reserves. 
    Nichimen expects to install the facility this year and hand it over in 
November 1999. 
     The trading house will provide 22 million marks (about 1.8 billion yen)
help purchase the facility from a German engineering company. 
    The Japanese government in March released some yen loans to  Myanmar  that
have been frozen since 1987.