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Home > Main Library > Economy > Infrastructure > Transport > Roads, Bridges

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Roads, Bridges

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Asian Highway
Date of publication: 2008
Description/subject: Asian Highway Database
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNESCAP
Format/size: pdf
Alternate URLs: http://www.unescap.org/sites/default/files/AH-map_GIS.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 August 2010

Title: Trans-Asian Highway
Description/subject: "The Asian Highway network is a network of 141,000 kilometers of standardized roadways crisscrossing 32 Asian countries with linkages to Europe. The Asian Highway project was initiated in 1959 with the aim of promoting the development of international road transport in the region. During the first phase of the project (1960-1970) considerable progress was achieved, however, progress slowed down when financial assistance was suspended in 1975. Entering into the 1980s and 1990s, regional political and economic changes spurred new momentum for the Asian Highway Project. It became one of the three pillars of Asian Land Transport Infrastructure Development (ALTID) project, endorsed by ESCAP Commission at its forty-eight session in 1992, comprising Asian Highway, Trans-Asian Railway and facilitation of land transport projects. The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network was adopted on 18 November 2003 by an intergovernmental meeting held in Bangkok, was open for signature in April 2004 in Shanghai and entered into force on 4 July 2005. A total of US$26 billion has already been invested in the improvement and upgrading of the Asian Highway network. However, there is still a shortfall of US$18 billion. UNESCAP secretariat is now working with its member countries to identify financial sources for the development of the network to improve their road transport capacity and efficiency..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNESCAP
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 July 2015

Individual Documents

Title: Thaton Situation Update: Bilin Township, October 2015
Date of publication: 25 February 2016
Description/subject: "This Situation Update describes events occurring in Bilin Township, Thaton District in October 2015, including updates on the 2015 general election, education, and development projects. - Villages under the administration of the Burma/Myanmar government are able to vote in the 2015 general election. However, villages located in Karen National Union (KNU) controlled areas have not been adequately informed ahead of the election. - Local Karen teachers selected to teach in villages have had to resign after Burma/Myanmar government teachers were sent to teach in Bilin Township, sparking concerns that Karen language education will be given less attention and taught outside of school hours. - Heavy rain and floods damaged paddies, and, combined with an increase in the paddy price, caused livelihood concerns among some villagers. - The main roads that have been under construction in Bilin Township since 2013 will be completed during 2016. Although useful for the villagers, the road construction has caused problems for some villagers whose lands have been damaged..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (502K)
Alternate URLs: http://khrg.org/2016/02/15-100-s1/thaton-situation-update-bilin-township-october-2015
Date of entry/update: 10 April 2016

Title: Dooplaya Photo Set: Road construction in Kyainseikgyi and Win Yay townships, November 2014 to January 2015
Date of publication: 17 August 2015
Description/subject: "This Photo Set depicts road construction, including the Asian Highway, in Kyainseikgyi and Win Yay townships, Dooplaya District between November 2014 and January 2015. Villager testimony describes land confiscation and the destruction of houses, shops, and plantations in order to make way for the roads. Villagers also report a lack of compensation for the land and crops destroyed as a result of the road construction...."
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (183K-reduced version; 362K-original, 193K-reduced version; 373K-original and 205K-reduced version; 384K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-3-ps1_0.pdf
Date of entry/update: 17 September 2015

Title: Dooplaya Photo Set: Development projects in Win Yay Township, December 2014 to January 2015 - (photo set)
Date of publication: 25 July 2015
Description/subject: "This Photo Set shows development projects including road and bridge construction in Win Yay Township, Dooplaya District between December 2014 and January 2015. These development projects destroyed villagers’ fruit and rubber plantations. Villagers report having not yet received any compensation for their destroyed lands."
Language: English, Burmese and Karen
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (323K-reduced version; 4.2MB-original, 335K-reduced version; 452K-original and 352K-reduced version; 559K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-4-ps1_0.pdf

Date of entry/update: 14 September 2015

Title: Casualties on Both Sides as Conflict Between DKBA, Govt Drags On
Date of publication: 13 July 2015
Description/subject: "RANGOON — Fighting last week between the Burma Army and ethnic Karen rebels has brought casualties for both sides as a dispute over illegal taxation along the Asia Highway in Karen State remains unresolved. State media reported on Monday that four soldiers from the Democratic Karen Benevolence Army (DKBA) were killed and three others detained, and that “some army officers from the Tatmadaw [Burma Armed Forces] sacrificed their lives for the country” in the course of nearly 40 clashes between the two sides..."
Author/creator: Lawi Weng
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 July 2015

Title: Asian Highway Project Undermines Peace in Karen State - Statement by the Karen Peace Support Network (KPSN)
Date of publication: 10 July 2015
Description/subject: "Outbreak of heavy fighting along the newly completed highway from Myawaddy to Kawkareik demonstrates how large-scale development, when implemented before a permanent ceasefire and political agreement, exacerbates conflict, undermines the peace process, and jeopardizes the safety of civilians. All parties must immediately halt hostilities, and resolve issues related to the highway through dialogue in the peace process..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Peace Support Network (KPSN)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 July 2015

Title: The Asia Highway: Planned Eindu to Kawkareik Town road construction threatens villagers’ livelihoods
Date of publication: 22 March 2015
Description/subject: "This News Bulletin describes the proposed construction of a portion of the Asia Highway from Eindu to Kawkareik Town, crossing 17 different villages and one town in Hpa-an, Kyonedoe and Kawkareik townships in Dooplaya and Hpa-an districts. The Burma/Myanmar government has demarcated the route and plans to construct the road with funding from the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The planning of the project has thus far been carried out with little consultation with local communities, who remain suspicious of such projects. If implemented, the highway construction would result in the confiscation of villagers’ land, posing a threat to their basic livelihoods."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (192K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.khrg.org/sites/default/files/15-5-nb1.pdf
Date of entry/update: 21 June 2015

Title: New highway is more than just a road for Myanmar
Date of publication: 15 February 2015
Description/subject: "For as long as anyone can remember, the road from Kawkareik in Kayin State to the Thai border has only been passable in one direction at a time. One day, traffic goes "up" from southern Myanmar's hinterland; the next it goes "down" from Myawaddy -- the busiest trade post on the Thai-Myanmar frontier. Myawaddy is just opposite the Thai town of Mae Sot. The poor condition of the road that crosses the Dawna mountain range means the journey of just 32km -- as the crow flies -- can take more than four hours by car. But a new road now nearing completion will cut that time to less than an hour, potentially turning Myawaddy's scrappy border crossing into a major trade hub. Myanmar state-run media says the new Thai-funded road is not scheduled to open officially until July. But foreign businessmen and locals who can afford the steep tolls are being allowed onto its as-yet unsealed surface. The road forms part of a long-promised "Asian Highway" that will eventually connect Yangon to Bangkok. Right now it is one of the crucial links still missing in the push by Association of Southeast Asian Nations members to achieve greater connectivity across the region..."
Author/creator: Simon Lewis
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Nikkei Asian Review"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 July 2015

Title: Yangon’s Development Challenges
Date of publication: March 2012
Description/subject: Overview: "Yangon is an attractive and relatively livable city that is on the brink of dramatic change. If the government of Myanmar continues its recent program of economic and political reform, the economy of the country is likely to take off, and much of the growth will be concentrated in Yangon, Myanmar’s largest city and commercial capital. This paper argues that Yangon is poorly prepared to cope with the pressures of growth because it has only begun to develop a comprehensive land use and development plan for the city that would guide the location of key activities including export-oriented industries and port terminals. In addition, the city lacks the financial resources to finance the infrastructure and other public services required to serve the existing population, let alone support a population that is larger and better off. Failure to address these challenges will not only make Yangon a less livable city but will also reduce the rate of economic growth for the entire country. Myanmar needs a dynamic and vibrant Yangon to thrive."..."...In sum, Yangon and Myanmar appear to be on the verge of explosive growth, making up for decades of stagnation or decline. Yangon is almost certain to become a key engine in the nation’s economic growth as Myanmar’s largest city, commercial capital, most important port and tourist destination, and most logical site for export-oriented manufacturing. But how well Yangon fulfills these roles depends on how well the city is managed. Yangon’s slow growth in the past had a hidden benefit in that it preserved many assets—greenery, parks and open spaces and historic buildings—that other Asian cities lost. As a result, Yangon has an opportunity to avoid becoming another sprawling, polluted and highly congested Asian megacity and grow instead into a greener and more livable metropolis. But it will do so only if it prepares a plan before development threatens to overwhelm it. And the plan will succeed only if it is based on thoughtful and realistic analyses of issues like the location of special economic zones and ports and the provision of affordable housing and quality infrastructure."
Author/creator: José A. Gómez-Ibáñez, Derek Bok, Nguyá»…n Xuân Thành
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ash Center, for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Harvard University
Format/size: pdf (452K)
Date of entry/update: 08 July 2012