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Rural economy

Individual Documents

Title: Maw Chee Mining Report (Karenni State)
Date of publication: 26 February 2016
Description/subject: A Free Burma Rangers (FBR) team travelled to the town of Maw Chee [Mawchi] to get information about the Burma Army and mining activities in that area. Mining operations in Maw Chee began at the time of the British occupation of Burma. Over the years it has increased with both Burmese and Chinese companies coming into this area to mine ore. Primarily the mines in the Maw Chee area extract tin...When looking at Maw Chee one can see scars all over the hill sides from where the mining operations have dumped debris and caused landslides. In October 2015, a large landslide killed 24 people when part of the mountain over Maw Chee came loose and destroyed 38 houses. This landslide was not directly linked to any one mine, but was caused by heavy rains and roadways built along the hillside. Myint Aung Hlaing came by helicopter, and the Burma Army – along with many other organizations – came to provide relief for the victims of the landslide..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Free Burma Rangers
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 February 2016

Title: Urbanization: The Structures of Sustainable Urban Landscape of Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "With the major economic system changes, many new developments are observed in every sector of Myanmar. Urban landscaping is an integral part of modern urban construction and also presents the development of economic conditions. One of the most important factors of urbanization is population size. Urbanization is developed rapidly, based on rural-­‐urban migration and natural growth of cities and towns. As urban area develops changes occur in the landscape such as buildings, roads, recreational sites. etc. Although the country’s population remains largely rural because of Myanmar economy is based on agriculture, urban population growth was faster than spatial growth. Yangon is Myanmar’s largest urban area. However, spatially it grew between 2000 and 2010, increasing at a rate of 0.5% a year, from 370 square kilometers to 390. This paper studies many social (traffic congestion, waste disposal, water problems) and environmental issues (pollution) in urbanization and concludes that long-­‐term solutions to these problems. Therefore this paper presents the structure of urban landscape of some significant features within Myanmar and the controlling factors to this urban landscape. If population growth and urbanization are given sufficient attention in economic policies which must seek to manage for the sustainable future urban landscape of Myanmar.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thin Thin Khaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (2.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015

Title: Nyaunglebin Situation Update: Kyauk Kyi Township, July 2012
Date of publication: 05 September 2012
Description/subject: This report includes a situation update submitted to KHRG in July 2012 by a community member describing events occurring in Nyaunglebin District, during July 2012. It describes the Norwegian government's plans for a development project in Kheh Der village tract, which is to support the villagers with their livelihood needs. In addition, the legislator of Kyauk Kyi Township, U Nyan Shwe, reported that he was going to undertake a stone-mining development project in the township, which led the Burmese government to order a company, U Paing, to go and test the stone in Maw Day village on July 1st, 2012. U Paing had left the area by the 8th of July due to safety concerns after a landmine explosion occurred in the near vicinity. Also described are villagers' fears to do with such projects, particularly in regards to environmental damage that could result from mining.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (263K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2012-09-05-Nyaunglebin_Situation_Update_Kyauk_Kyi_Township_...
Date of entry/update: 05 November 2012

Title: Investing in Destruction: The impact of development projects and economic policies
Date of publication: October 2003
Description/subject: "The SPDC often portrays economic investment in Burma"At the outset, an olive branch was extended to the armed groups that have been fighting the government for decades. Following successful negotiations these groups returned to the legal fold. National unity was achieved. Peace now reigns in the entire country, providing an opportunity for long neglected border areas to develop quickly. The gap between urban and rural areas has narrowed. At the same time we have taken developmental initiatives to promote a better life for our peoples. We have worked tirelessly to provide better health care, education and housing for all our peoples"..."
Author/creator: R Sharples
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Burma Isues" October 2003
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs12/BI-2003-10%28Vol.13-10%29-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 28 December 2003

Date of publication: 14 May 2003
Description/subject: "Mawchi is a township in Northwest Karenni that was once a successful mining town. It was often referred to as 'little England' because of the life style on display there and its accompanying standards of living. Private British business interests developed the mines in Mawchi between the world wars, but the local economy began to decline, with the rest of Burma, with Ne Win’s Burmese Way to Socialism. The economy of Mawchi, and the standard of living for people in the Township, has continued to decline across successive military governments. The latest and the most severe economic crisis in Mawchi is the result of the regime's 1996 forced relocation campaign. This program led to the total collapse of agricultural production in the area and the subsequent collapse of the rest of the economy. All the villagers from the surrounding areas were forced to move into the town of Mawchi. The cessation of agricultural production brought about a massive increase in the price of food and a large increase in unemployment. Now most people are more or less constantly hungry and spend their days scrounging around looking for food. All the children in the city are engaged in helping their parents obtain food - collecting birds, worms, frogs and insects to eat. Hardly any rice produced gets to market as it is kept for the family to eat and to pay back debts. The small amount of rice that does reach the market, which most cannot afford, is of the lowest quality and fit only for being boiled. This has caused most people to leave the township for Thailand and a number of the cease-fire areas..."
Author/creator: Alison Vicary
Language: English
Source/publisher: BURMA ECONOMIC WATCH
Format/size: html (86K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: "Studies in Social Deprivation in Myanmar"
Date of publication: April 1999
Description/subject: This report presents the results of a study of social deprivation in rural communities in three distinct areas of Myanmar. It grew out of a survey of 20,000 households in 23 townships conducted in 1995-96. It offers a series of five observable indicators for identifying the socially deprived in the rural areas of the country: roof type, land-holding, livestock, toilet facilities and gender-based household headship. Brief portraits of six villages in Northern Arakan State, two in the dry region of Myanmar, two in southern Shan State and two in the Irrawaddy delta area provide fascinating details of social change and the lack of it in rural Myanmar in the mid-nineties.
Author/creator: Paul Shaffer
Language: English
Source/publisher: United Nations Department for Economic and Social Affairs
Format/size: pdf (379KB)
Date of entry/update: 19 December 2004