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Burma's economic relations with the European Union

Websites/Multiple Documents

Date of publication: 15 October 2010
Language: English
Source/publisher: EUROSTAT, IMF, DG Trade,
Format/size: pdf (215K)
Date of entry/update: 27 November 2010

Individual Documents

Title: Blue Book 2017 - EU Development Cooperation in Myanmar
Date of publication: 21 September 2017
Description/subject: "Myanmar is going through a remarkable process of reform and democratic transition, one that is significant both for its own people and for the region. The new government has a historic opportunity to consolidate democracy and to achieve peace, national reconciliation and prosperity. This stands not only to benefit the people of Myanmar but also to serve as an example for the region, strengthening ASEAN and enhancing stability in the Asia-Pacific region. The EU and its Member States are strongly committed to supporting this democratic and economic transition while recognising that, after five decades of authoritarian rule, such change is going to take time. The support that we provide covers a range of political, social, economic, and cultural activities which aim to foster a peaceful, free, democratic and prosperous country. We hope that this Blue Book will give readers a better understanding of the relationship between the EU and its Member States and Myanmar, one that we look forward to further strengthening in the future...".....Foreword... EU Ambassadors’ Statement... EU Values and Structure... Overall EU Approach in Myanmar... Peace and Conflict Sensitivity... Agriculture and Rural Development... Culture... Education... Environment... Gender Equality and Empowerment of Women and Girls... Health... Infrastructure... Public Finance Management... Technical and Vocational Education and Training... Tourism... Trade and Private Sector Development... Water. Governance and Democracy Aid Information Management System Contacts
Language: English
Source/publisher: European Union
Format/size: pdf (11MB-reduced version; 29MB-original)
Alternate URLs: https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/resources/2017_eu_development_cooperation_blue_book...
Date of entry/update: 06 October 2017

Title: Myths and risks of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement
Date of publication: 21 September 2017
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "As the signing of the EU-Myanmar Investment Protection Agreement (IPA) draws near, concerns over the secrecy surrounding the agreement’s negotiations and the risks it poses abound, alongside many myths about its potential benefits.Myanmar is in the early days of democratization, with many laws and policies from the country’s military era in need of reform. Myanmar faces formidable challenges to build regulatory frameworks – not least in relation to the ownership and revenue sharing of natural resources in various ethnic areas, to the protection of human and labour rights and the environment.The peace process to end the 68-year old civil war is slow, with military offensives by the national army against ethnic armed groups ongoing in Kachin and Shan States, resulting in abuses against civilians and massive displacement. Achieving a lasting peace will involve moving towards a more federal system for which many new policies and laws will have to be introduced.This paper argues that the benefits of the IPA are highly overstated, and the risks seriously underestimated:..."
Author/creator: Cecilia Olivet, Pietje Vervest
Language: English
Source/publisher: TNI
Format/size: pdf (1.0MB)
Alternate URLs: https://www.bilaterals.org/?myths-and-risks-of-the-eu-myanmar
Date of entry/update: 28 December 2017

Title: The Economic Value of Forest Ecosystem Services in Myanmar and Options for Sustainable Financing
Date of publication: September 2013
Description/subject: "... This document reports on a study carried out to assess the value of the forest sector to Myanmar's economy, in order to justify and identify niches for developing forest-based payments for ecosystem services (PES) and other mechanisms that can be used to generate financing for forest conservation. The study focuses on nine categories of forest ecosystem services that are of high importance in economic and human wellbeing terms, and for which sufficient data are available to enable monetary valuation: wood-based biomass and energy, wild foods, animal-based energy, watershed protection, coastal protection, carbon sequestration, maintenance of nursery populations and habitats, pollination and seed dispersal, and nature-based recreation and tourism. The study first assesses the baseline: it identifies the ecosystem services that are currently being generated by the forest sector, and estimates their economic value. It then models two possible policy and management futures: “Forest Degradation”, under which forest lands and resources continue to be degraded and over-exploited; and “Forest Conservation”, under which forests are used sustainably and conserved effectively according to the goals and targets laid out in the Forestry Masterplan..."
Author/creator: Lucy Emerton, Yan Min Aung
Language: English
Source/publisher: Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry (MOECAF), EU
Format/size: pdf (2MB)
Date of entry/update: 18 April 2016

Title: Sanktionen zur Förderung von Frieden und Menschenrechten? Fallstudien zu Myanmar, Sudan und Südafrika
Date of publication: 2006
Description/subject: Eine kontroverse Diskussion zur Wirksamkeit internationaler Sanktionen (UNO; USA; EU; ILO) in Burma/Myanmar nach den Aufständen von 1988; der Einfluss Aung San Suu Kyis; die Rolle westlicher NGOs; Fallstudien zu Burma/Myanmar, Sudan, Südafrika A study on the efficacity of intnernational sanctions after the protests of 1988; the influence of Aung San Suu Kyi; the role of western NGOs; case studies of Burma/Myanmar, Sudan, South Africa
Author/creator: Sina Schüssler
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Zentrum der Konfliktforschung der Philipps-Universität Marburg
Format/size: PDF (890k)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ssoar.info/ssoar/handle/document/11354
Date of entry/update: 21 September 2007

Title: The European Union and Burma: The Case for Targeted Sanctions
Date of publication: March 2004
Description/subject: Executive Summary: The political stalemate in Burma will not be broken until the military regime considers it to be in its own self-interest to commence serious negotiations with the democratic and ethnic forces within the country. This paper outlines how the international community can bring about a political and economic situation which will foster such negotiations. Burma is ruled by a military dictatorship renowned for both oppressing and impoverishing its people, while enriching itself and the foreign businesses that work with it. The regime continues to ignore the 1990 electoral victory of Aung San Suu Kyi and the National League for Democracy. The regime has shown no commitment to three years of UN mediation efforts. It has failed to end the practice of forced labour as required by its ILO treaty obligations and demanded by the International Labour Organization. It continues to persecute Burma’s ethnic peoples. It continues to detain more than 1,350 political prisoners including Aung San Suu Kyi. Any proposal of a road map to political change in Burma will fail to bring about democracy in this country unless it is formulated and executed in an atmosphere in which fundamental political freedoms are respected, all relevant stakeholders are included and committed to negotiate, a time frame for change is provided, space is provided for necessary mediation, and the restrictive and undemocratic objectives and principles imposed by the military through the National Convention (ensuring continued military control even in a “civilian” state) are set aside.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Campaign UK
Format/size: pdf (120K)
Date of entry/update: 28 March 2004

Title: The EU's relations with Myanmar / Burma
Date of publication: 2003
Description/subject: Overview lists Political Context; Legal basis of EU relations; Trade/Economic Issues; Community Aid, General data. Other sections include: Conclusions of the General Affairs & External Relations Council (GAERC), Updates on the EU position.
Language: English
Source/publisher: European Commission
Format/size: pdf (71.51 K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.europarl.europa.eu
Date of entry/update: 12 October 2010

Title: Calculations of imports from Burma to the EU
Date of publication: September 2002
Description/subject: Tables and charts illustrating the accompanying document "The increasing imports from Burma to the EU". Tables showing € value of imports to EU from Myanmar/Burma and exports from EU to Myanmar/Burma,1996-2001 and charts showing import and export between Burma and Denmark, Belgium-Luxumbourg France, Germany, Netherlands, Nordic countries, UK, and charts covering all EU countries.
Author/creator: Bjarne Ussing
Language: English
Source/publisher: Danish Burma Committee Support Group
Format/size: html (159K)
Date of entry/update: May 2003

Title: Den beskidte liste
Date of publication: September 2002
Description/subject: "En rapport fra Støttegruppen for Den Danske Burma Komité om den hastigt stigende tøjimport fra Burma...Danmark er det land i Vesteuropa, der trods massive krav om sanktioner slÃ¥r bÃ¥de EU og Norden i Burma-import, mÃ¥lt pr. indbygger. Rekorden skyldes først og fremmest importen af tøj fra Burma til Danmark, der de seneste Ã¥r er steget kraftigt og næsten nÃ¥ede 100 millioner kroner i fjor. Hidtil har alle tøjfirmaer i Danmark, der handler med Burma, været hemmeligholdt, men research kan nu afdække en række af firmaerne. Et af firmaerne er Føtex, hvor Burma-tøj (Kappa) kan spores helt til bøjlestængerne. Andre firmaer er Brandtex og B&C Tekstiler, der, uanset afvisning fra deres danske hovedkontorer, har importeret tøj fra Burma ifølge norske toldpapirer. Bestseller er ogsÃ¥ Burma-importør, men overvejer at stoppe, mens IC Company og Lindon ifølge firmaerne har stoppet for deres Burma-import. Endelig er der mærkerne Fjällräven, Mexx og Mango, der ogsÃ¥ har import fra Burma..."
Author/creator: Bjarne Ussing
Language: Dansk, Danish
Source/publisher: Støttegruppen for Den Danske Burma Komité
Format/size: html (33K)
Date of entry/update: May 2003

Title: The increasing imports from Burma to the EU
Date of publication: September 2002
Description/subject: Â…or how EU five-doubled their import from Burma after Aung San Suu Kyi asked for trade sanctions. A report from the Danish Burma Committee Support Group, September 2002..."Did European companies listen to Aung San Suu Kyi’s demand for sanctions against Burma from 1996? Did they reduce their import from Burma, after EU cancelled trade benefit with Burma from 1997, or after EU banned all visa for Burmese officials from the same year? Not at all. Since 1996, EU-countries has more than five-doubled their import from Burma, according to information from EU’s statistical office Eurostat. The total import from Burma to EU was almost 500 million € in 2001, so Europe has become a major trade partner for this Asian dictatorship. In the first chart, you can see how many € each EU-citizen has imported in average from Burma in the period 1996-2001. Second chart shows a big difference between the EU-countries: Worst country is Denmark, followed by The Netherlands, Belgium, United Kingdom and France..."
Author/creator: Bjarne Ussing
Language: English
Source/publisher: Danish Burma Committee Support Group
Format/size: html (200K)
Date of entry/update: May 2003

Title: Garment exports get new boost
Date of publication: April 2001
Description/subject: " Burma�s booming garment industry has received more good news, with a decision by the European General Affairs Council to include Burma on its list of 48 of the world�s least developed countries eligible for duty-free access to the European Union market. The move is not expected to seriously impact on Burma�s trade deficit with the EU, but should give a boost to the country�s garment exports, 60% of which already go to Europe..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 9, No. 3 (Business section)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003