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Copper mining

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Burma mine protest (Google search results)
Description/subject: About 23,400,000 results (15 December 2012)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Various sources via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 December 2012

Title: Google search results for copper mining myanmar
Description/subject: About 420,000 results (10 December 2017)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2017

Individual Documents

Date of publication: February 2017
Description/subject: Conclusions: "Amnesty International’s latest research shows that hundreds of people close to the giant Letpadaung mine continue to face the risk of forced eviction from their farmland, and in the case of four villages, from their homes as well. In addition, thousands of people living in the area are at risk from Myanmar Wanbao’s inadequate management of environmental risk at the Letpadaung mine, which is situated in a flood and earthquake-prone area. The ESIA for the mine contains fundamental gaps and weaknesses, which Myanmar Wanbao has still not addressed. In 2015, Amnesty International concluded that the Myanmar government must halt the development of the Letpadaung mine until the human rights and environmental concerns were addressed. In May 2016 the mine began producing copper, but those human rights and environmental concerns have still not been addressed. Amnesty International is repeating its call therefore for the mine’s operations to be suspended, while these concerns are dealt with. Amnesty International is also repeating its call for the government of Myanmar to urgently act to prevent human rights abuses at the Letpadaung and S&K mines and provide effective remedy for the human rights abuses that people there have already suffered. The authorities must stop using draconian laws to charge and harass villagers participating in peaceful protests against the mine project. More broadly, the Myanmar government needs to strengthen the legal framework, to improve the regulation of large projects, such as mines, and put in place an adequate framework for land acquisition that is based on international standards on the right to adequate housing and the prohibition of forced evictions. Both the government of Myanmar and Myanmar Wanbao must also ensure an effective remedy for the human rights abuses that people there have already suffered. Foreign corporations doing business, or planning to do business, in Myanmar have a responsibility to ensure that their investments do not result in human rights abuses. All foreign corporations should conduct human rights due diligence on their planned business activities in Myanmar in line with international standards. The home state governments of companies investing in Myanmar, including China, which is the home state of Myanmar Wanbao, must ensure that their companies conduct human rights due diligence..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Amnesty International (ASA 16/5564/2017)
Format/size: pdf (3.6MB-en; 1.9MB-bu)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs23/AI2017-02-Mountain_of_trouble-bu.pdf
Date of entry/update: 10 February 2017

Date of publication: 10 February 2015
Description/subject: Executive Summary: "This report is the culmination of a one year investigation by Amnesty International into alleged human rights abuses by companies, including multinational companies, operating in Myanmar. The report focuses on the Monywa copper mine project and highlights forced evictions, substantial environmental and social impacts, and the repression, sometimes brutal, of those who try to protest. It also raises serious questions about opaque corporate dealings and possible infringements of economic sanctions on Myanmar. The report calls on the Government of Myanmar to urgently introduce strong measures for the protection of human rights, and on multinational companies and the home governments of those companies to ensure that due diligence is carried out to international standards for all investment in Myanmar...This report examines the issues in relation to one major mining operation - the Monywa project - made up of the Sabetaung and Kyisintaung (S&K) and the Letpadaung copper mines. During an extensive one-year investigation, Amnesty International examined incidents that are specific to the Monywa project as well as some of the wider structural issues – such as the processes for acquisition of land and environmental protection – that will affect other extractive projects in Myanmar. The organization found that, since its inception and throughout its various changes in ownership, the Monywa project has been characterised by serious human rights abuses and a lack of transparency. Thousands of people have been forcibly evicted by the government with the knowledge, and in some cases the participation, of foreign companies. Environmental impacts have been poorly assessed and managed, with grave long-term implications for the health and livelihoods of people living near the mine. Protests by communities have been met with excessive force by police...".....CONCLUSION: The Government of Myanmar is responsible for the serious human rights violations that have taken place at the Monywa project over many years. It has forcibly evicted people and has failed to put in place safeguards to protect mine-affected communities from environmental pollution which can im- pact their rights to water and health, amongst other rights. It has shown an unwillingness to monitor corporate activity or to hold companies accountable for the harm their operations cause. The companies involved also bear responsibility. Despite a history of human rights violations sur- rounding the mine, a Canadian company, and subsequently a Chinese company, have invested without undertaking appropriate due diligence to ensure that past abuses were remediated and future abuses prevented. They have profited from abuses that they knew or should have known were happening, and have, in certain cases, themselves abused rights by participating in forced evictions or failing to remediate environmental pollution. The system that enabled the transfer of the Monywa project to a business venture that involved My- anmar military interests, without any transparency as to how such a sale occurred, is emblematic of the lack of accountability that exists around allocations of concessions and contracts in the extractive industry in Myanmar. The people of Myanmar must not see a resource curse unfold as it has done in so many other countries where powerful economic interests profit from a context in which regulation is weak, the government is unwilling to hold powerful political interests accountable and there is little or no transparency. The home states of multinational corporations must ensure that these corporations do not unjustly enrich themselves at the expense of Myanmar’s poorest people. The home states of companies involved in the Monywa project – Canada and China – have failed to do this...".....The report also contains critical analyses of Myanmar's land legislation.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International
Format/size: pdf (3.1MB-reduced version; 3.8MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.amnesty.org/en/library/asset/ASA16/003/2015/en/12a4143a-ee84-4ce1-8d32-a72a916e29f7/asa1...
Date of entry/update: 11 February 2015

Title: The Resumption of the Sino-Myanmar Letpadaung project proceeds smoothly
Date of publication: 29 November 2014
Description/subject: "Reporters learned from Wanbao Mining Myanmar Copper LTD recently that the Letpadaung copper mine project jointly financed by China and Myanmar has resumed orderly development and begun to move forward. At the same time, the “unemployment assistance plan” has received a positive response from local villagers..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "People's Daily" (unofficial translation)
Format/size: pdf (62K)
Date of entry/update: 21 December 2014

Title: Letpadaung Mine Development Risks Further Abuses: Amnesty
Date of publication: 28 November 2014
Description/subject: "Plans for the development of the Letpadaung copper mine in Sagaing Region pose a serious threat of human rights abuses and environmental risk, Amnesty International said in a statement on Thursday. Ahead of the two-year anniversary of a violent attack on protestors, Amnesty drew also attention to the fact that no one has been brought to account for the incident. At least 99 monks and nine other protestors were injured in the attack, with many suffering permanent scarring and injuries from white phosphorous burns, the use of which is prohibited by international weapons conventions. “Two years after this brutal attack, it is completely unacceptable that the scores of people injured while protesting are still waiting for justice and reparations,” said Audrey Gaughran, Amnesty International’s director of global issues..."
Author/creator: Sean Gleeson
Language: English
Source/publisher: Amnesty International via "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 December 2014

Title: BURMA/MYANMAR: Activist sentenced to eleven years' jail for opposing army copper mine
Date of publication: 12 August 2013
Description/subject: "...The Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) has previously issued a statement on the ongoing targeting and arrests of activists and farmers opposed to the expansion of an army-backed copper mining operation in the Letpadaung Hills of Sagaing Region (AHRC-STM-108-2013). In this appeal we bring you the full details of the numerous charges brought against one of those activists, Ko Aung Soe, who was arrested with two other persons for working with farmers organising against the mining operation. Aung Soe has now been sentenced to eleven-and-a-half years in jail in patently unfair trials that closely resemble those of the decades of military rule in Burma..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 August 2013

Title: Mergui-Tavoy Photo Set: Dam, logging and mining operations negatively impact communities in K'Ser Doh Township, January to April 2012
Date of publication: 16 July 2013
Description/subject: "This photo set includes 49 still photographs selected from images taken by a KHRG community member between January and April 2012. They were taken in K'Ser Doh Township, Mergui-Tavoy District, and show images of a dam project in A'Nyah Pyah, logging in A'Nya Pyah, U Yay Kyee and Htee Ler Klay villages and mining operations in Hkay Ta Hpoo that have caused a variety of problems for the villagers in the in the areas, such as loss of land from flooding and water pollution. The mining company prevented villagers from protecting themselves from further damage from the chemical flows when they sought to drain a contaminated stream. This photo set was originally published in the appendix of KHRG's thematic report, Losing Ground: Land confiscation and collective action in eastern Myanmar..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: pdf (633K), html
Date of entry/update: 10 August 2013

Title: BURMA: Criminalization of rights defenders and impunity for police
Date of publication: 29 April 2013
Description/subject: The Asian Human Rights Commission condemns in the strongest terms the announcement of the commander of the Sagaing Region Police Force, Myanmar, that the police will arrest and charge eight human rights defenders whom it blames for inciting protests against the army-backed copper mine project at the Letpadaung Hills, in Monywa. The commission also condemns the latest round of needless police violence against demonstrators there.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
Format/size: html (45K)
Date of entry/update: 29 April 2013

Title: BURMA: Lawyers' report on Letpadaung released in English
Date of publication: 10 April 2013
Description/subject: "(Hong Kong, April 10, 2013) A Burma-based lawyers group has released its findings on the Letpadaung land struggle in English. The 39-page illustrated report was submitted by the Lawyers Network (Myanmar) and the Justice Trust in February to the government's investigation commission into events at Letpadaung, recounts the land struggle and subsequent crackdown on protestors. The Asian Human Rights Commission said that the report offered further evidence to support arguments that the mining operation ought to be halted, and criminal actions brought against police and other officials responsible for orders to disperse protestors through the use of incendiary weapons. "It is alarming that despite having such evidence available to it, not only did the investigation commission endorse the continuation of the mining project, but also said literally nothing about the criminal responsibility of the police and other authorities involved in the brutal attack on peaceful demonstrators," Bijo Francis, acting executive director of the Hong Kong-based regional rights group, said. .."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
Format/size: html (49K)
Date of entry/update: 11 April 2013

Title: BURMA: Two sharply contrasting reports on the struggle for land at Letpadaung
Date of publication: 03 April 2013
Description/subject: "The Asian Human Rights Commission has since mid-2012 closely followed, documented and reported on the struggle of farmers in the Letpadaung Hills of central Burma against the expansion of a copper mining operation under a military-owned holding company and a partner company from China. After repeatedly being refused permission to demonstrate against the operation under the terms of the country's new antidemocratic public demonstration law, the farmers began public protests, which were met with a range of repressive measures, culminating in the night time attack on encamped protestors last November. The attack received international media coverage because the police fired white phosphorous into the protest camps causing extensive burns to protestors, the majority of them monks who had joined villagers in resistance to the mine project. In recent months two reports have been issued, in Burmese, on the struggle against the mine. The reports make interesting reading because they represent very different perspectives and understandings of the issues for the affected villagers in Letpadaung. One is the official report of an investigative commission headed by Daw Aung San Suu Kyi, published in the 12 March 2013 edition of the state newspaper. The other is an unofficial report by the 88 Students Generation group and the Lawyers Network, Upper Burma, issued before the official report, on 21 January 2013. Whereas the latter report represents a genuine effort to identify the causes for the opposition to the mine and speak to the human rights questions concerned with events in Letpadaung of 2012, the former is little more than an exercise in playing at politics, and an attempt to sidestep and obfuscate the questions of human rights involved through the use of "information" that conceals more than it reveals..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Human Rights Commission (AHRC)
Format/size: html (54K)
Date of entry/update: 03 April 2013

Title: Report of the Investigation Commission for Letpadaung Copper Mining Project
Date of publication: 12 March 2013
Description/subject: á€…စ္ကိုင္းတိုင္းေဒသၾကီး မံုရြာခရိုင္၊ ဆားလင္းၾကီးျမိဳ႕နယ္ လက္ပန္ေတာင္းေတာင္ ေၾကးနီစီမံကိန္း စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရး ေကာ္မရွင္၏ အျပီးသတ္အစီရင္ခံစာ ... နိဒါန္း ၁။ ၂၀၁၂ ခုႏွစ္ ႏိုဝင္ဘာလ ၂၃ ရက္တြင္ က်င္းပေသာ ျပည္သူ႕လႊတ္ေတာ္ အစည္းအေဝး၌တင္သြင္းခဲ့သည့္ အေရးၾကီးအဆိုတြင္ စစ္ကိုင္းတိုင္းေဒ သၾကီး မံုရြာခရိုင္ ဆားလင္းၾကီးျမိဳ႕နယ္ လက္ပန္ေတာင္းေတာင္ ေၾကးနီစီမံကိန္းႏွင့္ စပ္လ်ဥ္း၍ ေၾကးနီမိုင္းလုပ္ငန္း ဆက္လက္ေဆာင္ရြက္ခြင့္ျပဳရန္ သင့္မသင့္ စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရး ေကာ္မရွင္ကို ျပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေတာ္၊ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္သမၼတရံုးမွ အမိန္႕ေၾကာ္ျငာစာအမွတ္ (၉၅/၂၀၁၂) အရ ၂၀၁၂ ခုႏွစ္ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ၃ ရက္ေန႕တြင္ ဥကၠ႒အပါအဝင္ အဖြဲ႕ဝင္ ၁၆ ဦးျဖင့္ ဖြဲ႕စည္းေပးခဲ့ပါသည္။ ၂။ စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးေကာ္မရွင္အဖြဲ႕ဝင္မ်ားသည္ စီမံကိန္းႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ ေက်းရြာလူထု ခံစားေနရသည့္ ျပည္သူ႕အသံမ်ားအပါအဝင္ စီမံကိန္းႏွင့္ ပတ္သက္သည့္ အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကို စံုစမ္းျပီး သံုးသပ္ခ်က္ႏွင့္တကြ တင္ျပႏိုင္ရန္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ား ဖြဲ႕စည္းေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့ပါသည္။
Language: Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Letpadaung Investigation Commission via Burma Partnership
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 March 2013

Title: Submission of Evidence to Myanmar Government’s Letpadaung Investigation Commission (full text - English)
Date of publication: 14 February 2013
Description/subject: Submission of evidence by Lawyers Network and Justice Trust to the Letpadaung Investigation Commission...(Submitted 28 January, 2013, re-submitted with exhibits 5 February, 2013)...EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "The evidence submitted in this report covers two main issues: 1) the circumstances and validity of contracts signed by local villagers in April 2011 to allow their farmlands to be used by a copper mining joint venture between Wanbao, a Chinese military-owned company, and U Paing, a Burmese military-owned company, and 2) the circumstances and validity of the police action used to disperse peaceful protesters at the copper mine site during the early morning hours of 29 November, 2013. This submission presents relevant laws and facts concerning the Letpadaung case; it does not draw legal conclusions or make specific policy recommendations. The evidence indicates that local government authorities, acting on behalf of the joint venture companies, used fraudulent means to coerce villagers to sign contracts against their will, and then refused to allow villagers and monks to exercise their constitutional right to peaceful assembly and protest. The evidence also indicates that police used military-issue white-phosphorus (WP) grenades (misleadingly termed smoke bombs) combined with water cannons to destroy the protest camps and injure well over 100 monks with severe, deep chemical burns. White phosphorus spontaneously ignites in air to produce burning phosphorous pentoxide particles and, when combined with water, super-heated phosphoric acid..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Lawyers Network and Justice Trust via AHRC
Format/size: pdf (1.8MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.humanrights.asia/news/press-releases/AHRC-PRL-007-2013
http://justice-trust.org/wp-content/uploads/Letpadaungreportforpublicrelease.pdf (slightly different text)
Date of entry/update: 11 April 2013

Title: Progress stops at the Myanmar elite's door
Date of publication: 04 December 2012
Description/subject: "Freedom of speech will struggle to flourish in Myanmar as its economic interests are dominated by powerful neighbours...The protesters were given five minutes to leave. Police surrounded their camp close to the Letpadaung copper mine in northern Myanmar in the early hours of Thursday, armed with loudspeakers, water cannons and warnings of attack. First came the water, the force of which swept away dozens of flimsy structures used to shelter hundreds of Myanmarese angered at the damage wrought over more than a decade by the country's largest copper mine. What came next however struck fear into the heart of Myanmar's nascent environmental movement. Plumes of fire lit up the night sky as police and riot control units shot incendiary bombs into the clusters of tents. "They fired 10 rounds; five at a time," one protester told the Democratic Voice of Burma. "And the sparks that landed on people's clothing couldn't be shaken off; they burst into flames when they attempted to do so." Images that emerged following the crackdown showed hospital wards filled with burn victims - men, women and Buddhist monks. "I'd prefer to be dead now than suffering [from the burns] - the pain is too unbearable," a monk said. The brutality of the incident conjures memories of September 2007, when hundreds of pro-democracy protesters were shot dead by Myanmar troops. That crackdown was congruent with the reputation of the military junta that ruled Myanmar at the time. But 18 months into its experiment with democracy and wildly contradicting the progressive rhetoric of President Thein Sein, the attack last week has left many questioning the earnestness of the reforms. Moreover, the involvement of police, who operate under the auspices of the president, has cast a shadow over a leader preparing to accept a number of top peace awards. The Letpadaung incident goes beyond a simple bid to stifle dissent. While environmental damage and grievances over the confiscation of 7,800 acres of land were the key focus of the resistance to the mine, in the government's eye, these protests marked the intersection at which three hugely sensitive issues meet: The public's ability to exercise freedom of speech, China's influence over Myanmar and vested military interests in the country's natural resources. Put together, they indicate that at the core of government, there still exists the same fear over the standing of the elite that fuelled abuses by Myanmar's former rulers. Days into the protests, Aung Min, one of President Thein Sein's top cabinet members, was caught on camera saying that the mine would stay open because, "We are afraid of China"..."
Author/creator: Francis Wade
Language: English
Source/publisher: AL Jazeera
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 05 December 2012

Title: Ceremony to receive Ovada from senior monks in Monywa held
Date of publication: 02 December 2012
Description/subject: "...The ceremony was opened with the recitation of Namo Tasa three times. Next, Commander of Sagaing Region Police Force Police Col San Yu supplicated the matters regarding the ongoing situations stemming from Latpadaungtaung copper mine project in Salingyi Township of Monywa District and religious matters. Please accept my apology. We are very disheartened by injuries of monks in the crackdown of boycott camps in Latpadaungtaung project in Salingyi Township..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The New Light of Myanmar"
Format/size: pdf (85K)
Date of entry/update: 02 December 2012

Title: Asia-Pacific Riot police break up Myanmar copper protest (video)
Date of publication: 29 November 2012
Description/subject: Security forces used a water cannon and other weapons to end the three-month protest, injuring 10 monks, two critically. Riot police fired water cannons and tear gas to break up a three-month protest against a vast copper mining project run by Myanmar's powerful military and its partner, a subsidiary of a Chinese arms manufacturer.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Al Jazeera
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 29 November 2012

Title: BURMA Monywa Copper Mining Protest Resumes
Date of publication: 20 November 2012
Description/subject: "More than 1,000 people demanding the closure of a copper mining project in the Letpadaung mountain range, Sagaing Division, held yet another demonstration in front of the company’s headquarters in Monywa’s Salingyi Township. Protesters have been disrupting project work since Sunday by linking arms and blocking the path of trucks and vehicles at the construction site while security officials looked on. Local residents and environmental activists have taken up two separate positions—a large gathering in front of the Myanmar-Wanbao Mining Company office on the Monywa-Pathein Road, and a smaller event at the Lelti Sayadaw Buddhist Building near Kyawyar Village, around five miles away from the protester’s main camp..."
Author/creator: "The Irawaddy"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Nyein Nyein
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 November 2012