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Home > Main Library > Economy > Industry > Extractive industries > Mining > Myanmar Mining legislation (texts and commentary)

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Myanmar Mining legislation (texts and commentary)

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Mining Laws of Asian Countries
Description/subject: Interesting to compare the Burmese 1994 Mining Law with those of other Asian countries (see analysis of the 1994 Mining Law in "Grave Diggers" by Roger Moody, which is on the OBL shelves).
Language: English
Source/publisher: Metal Mining Agency of Japan
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.herbertsmithfreehills.com/-/media/HS/Insights/Guides/PDFs/Asia%20guides/Mining%20Law%20i...
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2010

Individual Documents

Title: Mining law to mandate community development funds
Date of publication: 13 February 2014
Description/subject: "A new mining law will compel the government to put a proportion of profits from the sector into a development fund so that local communities benefit from mining projects, says Minister for Mines U Myint Aung. “The ministry is working to amend the by-laws so that there is a reserve fund for regional development. Income from the industry will go toward both corporate social responsibility projects and mine closure programs," U Myint Aung told the Pyithu Hluttaw on February 11..."
Author/creator: Ei Ei Toe Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 21 December 2014

Title: Gold Diggers
Date of publication: October 2005
Description/subject: Big companies push small prospectors aside in hunt for Burma’s riches... "In Alice in Wonderland, the Red Queen tells Alice: “A word means what I want it to mean.” That sums up in one sentence the state of Burma’s statute books—particularly those decrees relating to mining the country’s rich resources. Robert Moody, in his 1998 “Report on Mining in Burma,” put it more directly. The law on mining passed by the Rangoon regime in 1994, he said, “is not just one, but a parade of farts in a bucket.” The law makes no provisions for holding mining companies responsible for failure to stabilize workings and waste piles, nor for rehabilitating closed mines. There are no requirements for an environmental and reclamation bond to be posted by a mining company, no need for an environment and social impact assessment, nor for an independent monitor to ensure compliance during mining and post-closure operations.The law allows private citizens to prospect for gold, but they are not permitted to use machinery. People granted permits must sign an agreement to turn over 30 percent of their refined gold to the Ministry of Mines. Citizens are also permitted to pan for placer gold found in streams, although they are increasingly being edged out by Chinese contractors dredging the Irrawaddy River..."
Author/creator: Charles Large
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 April 2006

Title: Grave Diggers: A report on Mining in Burma
Date of publication: 14 February 2000
Description/subject: A report on mining in Burma. The problems mining is bringing to the Burmese people, and the multinational companies involved in it. Includes an analysis of the SLORC 1994 Mining Law.... 'Grave Diggers, authored by world renowned mining environmental activist Roger Moody, was the first major review of mining in Burma since the country's military regime opened the door to foreign mining investment in 1994. Singled out for special attention in this report is the stake taken up by Canadian mining promoter Robert Friedland, whose Ivanhoe Mines has redeveloped a major copper mine in the Monywa area in joint venture enterprise with Burma's military regime. There are several useful appendices with first hand reports from mining sites throughout the country. A series of maps shows the location of the exploration concessions taken up almost exclusively by foreign companies in the rounds of bidding that took place in the nineties.
Author/creator: Roger Moody
Language: English
Source/publisher: Various groups
Format/size: pdf (1.2MB)
Date of entry/update: 09 September 2010

Title: The 1994 Mines Law - SLORC Law No. 8/94 (English)
Date of publication: 06 September 1994
Description/subject: The State Law and Order Restoration Council... The Myanmar Mines Law... (The State Law and Order Restoration Council Law No 8/94)... The 2nd Waxing Day of Tawthalin, 1356 M.E. (6th September, 1994) "The objectives of this Law are as follows: a.to implement the Mineral Resources Policy of the Government; b.to fulfil the domestic requirements and to increase export by producing more mineral products; c.to promote development of local and foreign investment in respect of mineral resources; d.to supervise, scrutinize and approve applications submitted by person or organization desirous of conducting mineral prospecting, exploration or production; e.to carry out for the development of, conservation, utilization and research works of mineral resources; f.to protect the environmental conservation works that may have detrimental effects due to mining operation..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC)
Format/size: html, pdf (82K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs15/1994-SLORC_Law1994-08-The_%20Myanmar_Mines_Law-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003