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Industry - General articles

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Title: Waiting for an Industrial Revolution
Date of publication: September 2003
Description/subject: "Industry in Burma lags well behind that of its neighbors largely because of double standards, military meddling, and now, stiffer US economic sanctions... Small may be beautiful but it is also vulnerable. And as increased US sanctions on Burma halt imports to American markets, all but the largest private garment factories in Burma are falling like dominoes. On the outskirts of Rangoon, several private garment firms with fewer than 100 employees are shutting down, explains the editor of a business journal in the capital. Signed into law on July 29, America’s severe sanctions will likely eliminate hundreds of thousands of jobs. The ban on imports threatens to cripple Burma’s entire labor-intensive garment industry. Even the big manufacturers are buckling under the weight of US pressure. "We are almost dying. The future for our business looks so bleak," says a South Korean manager from Myanmar Daewoo International in Rangoon, speaking to The Irrawaddy on the condition of anonymity..."
Author/creator: Min Zin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No 7
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www2.irrawaddy.org/article.php?art_id=3049
Date of entry/update: 06 November 2003

Title: Industrial Development in Myanmar: Prospects and Challenges
Date of publication: 2001
Description/subject: "...we should look back Myanmar’s history on industrial policy. Every government to date since independence, either civilian or military, and either democratic or socialist, has approached the problem of the pri­vate sector with great concern and trepidation. Whenever they wanted to accommodate and integrate the energy of private enterprises into the na­tional economy, the socialist philosophy, anti-capitalist attitude, control-prone disposition and xenophobia based on the bitter colonial experiences provided obstacles, with the redefinition of the role of the private sector being left vague and halfway. The transition to market-oriented economy in the 1990s seems to be a his­torical exception. The various reform measures taken by the military gov­ernment apparently show their strong commitment toward a full-fledged market economy. The author calls the present transformation of the economy the Third Wave, and assures himself that it has been the biggest wave of liberalization in Myanmar’s industrial history. Compared with the previ­ous two waves, which the author thinks occurred in the latter half of the 1950s and in the mid-1970s, the present regime has committed itself much more clearly to market economic principles and the enhanced role of the private sector. Nevertheless, the history still exhibits a reserve to be fully confident in government policy toward a market economy. Recent backtracking of eco­nomic reforms is certainly something to be worried. It would be necessary for the military government to commit itself again to such ideas as open markets, free competition, transparency, accountability, consistency, level playing field, freedom of information and rule of law, which are the foun­dations for a free and fair market-oriented economy. Without the govern­ ment’s commitment to those ideas, the private sector would never be con­fident on public polices, and as a result, the full-fledged investments would never be forthcoming." See Toshihiro Kudo, “Industrial Policy in Myanamr: Lessons from the Past” in Industrial Devel­ opment and Reforms in Myanmar: ASEAN and Japanese Perspectives, (Bangkok, The Sasakawa Southeast Asia Cooperation Fund, 1999). 43
Language: English
Source/publisher: IDE- Institute of Developing Economies / JETRO - Japan External Trade Organization
Format/size: pdf (642K), html
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Industrial_Development_in_Myanmar-Prospects_and_Challenges.pdf
Date of entry/update: 22 September 2012