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Tourism in Burma - articles and studies

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: *Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar - tourism* (video)
Description/subject: About 189,000 results (August 2017)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 24 August 2017

Title: WTTC tourism competitive index: Burma
Description/subject: Industry assessment of tourism in Burma - * Price Competitiveness; * Human Tourism; * Infrastructure; * Environment; * Technology; * Human Resources; * Openness; * Social... By most counts, Burma ranks close to the bottom in a country comparison.
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Travel and Tourism Council
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 06 May 2005

Individual Documents

Title: Myanmar fast-track tourist visa introduced
Date of publication: 10 April 2018
Description/subject: Myanmar has introduced a fast-track tourist visa that delivers confirmation within 24 hours of the application, year-round, including public holidays, according to travel website ttrweekly. The Tourist Visa Express Service is a new trial with a streamlined approval process for all nationalities that are eligible for an e-tourist visa. The application is made online at the Ministry of Labour, Immigration and Population’s website and costs USD 56.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mizzima
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 April 2018

Title: Should we boycott Myanmar tourism?
Date of publication: 30 November 2017
Description/subject: "In tourism brochure clichés, Myanmar is often referred to as the last jewel of Asia. After fifty years of isolation under military rule, the newly open Southeast Asian nation conjures quaint images of the last untouched frontier in a shrinking world. Although we must remind ourselves that such romanticisation can be misplaced, given the authoritarian regime was a harsh reality rather than a luxurious abstinence from modernisation, many foreigners are curiously enthusiastic about visiting the country. As an undergraduate focusing on Myanmar studies and the Burmese language, across my degree I have had numerous friends approach me to discuss plans to visit the country, famous for its glittering pagodas, ancient temples and rich cultural diversity. When people learn I study Myanmar, they often gush to me about their own experiences in the country. From backpackers I have chatted with in cheap bars in Cambodia, to wealthy club-goers smoking cigarettes outside expensive nightclubs in Singapore, almost everyone had a positive story to share. However, recently the tone surrounding this conversation has changed. When hairdressers, university peers, strangers at parties or uber drivers ask me what I study, their first question is now about the Rohingya crisis, or negative feelings stemming from media coverage of the situation..."
Author/creator: Mish Khan
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 December 2017

Title: The Inlay Lake Region in the Mists of Tourism Governance
Date of publication: 09 March 2017
Description/subject: "Martin Michalon explains the effects of tourism on the Inlay Lake Region... Although Inlay Lake is a major tourism highlight in Myanmar, it also faces severe environmental threats, which jeopardize the whole region’s economic system. Because of weak governance under previous governments, tourism heavily used and abused the local environment, instead of benefiting it. The NLD government has formulated promising intentions, but the weighty legacy of previous regimes, top-down governance, red tape and personal interests might hamper their efforts. This post is part of PhD research in Geography on the development of tourism in Inlay Lake region. It is mainly based on more than 200 interviews with local stakeholders, from farmers to ministry officials, to boat drivers and hotel managers..."
Author/creator: Martin Michalon
Language: English
Source/publisher: teacircleoxford
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 04 September 2017

Title: Special Report: Discover Myanmar - Frontier's special report on the state of Myanmar's tourism industry.
Date of publication: 02 November 2016
Description/subject: 9 articles by various authors dated between 27 October and 2 November 2016: "Mandalay: The city behind the name" by David Mittburg, 02 Nov 2016: 'Mandalay is not the tropical paradise that many envision but there’s more to it than simply pagodas, temples and U Bein’s Bridge...'....."Trials and tribulations touring socialist Burma" by Thomas Kean, 02 Nov 2016: "U Sonny Aung Khin, owner of traditional Myanmar restaurant Padonmar in Dagon Township, discusses his five decades in the tourism industry, including 16 years in Bangkok sending curious foreign visitors to socialist-era Burma...."....."Into the Valley of Rubies, by Thomas Kean, 01 Nov 2016: "Off-limits to foreign visitors for years, Mogok, a town renowned for its precious stones, sits ready to benefit from the country’s tourism boom..."....."Shining lights in community tourism stifled by regulations", by Jakob Krembzow, 31 Oct 2016: "A handful of tourism projects around the country are seeking to deliver real benefits to host communities, but national-level policies are still heavily focused on regulations that act as a barrier to entry for smaller operators..."....."Hotel policy is broken: Here’s how to fix it" by Vicky Bowman, 31 October, 2016: "Myanmar’s tourism sector will benefit in the long run if officials spend more time managing destinations and less protecting existing hotels, and instead lets the market decide which properties succeed or fail." ....."Tourism in Myanmar: By the numbers", 29 October 2016 - A look at the numbers behind the growth of Myanmar's tourism market since 2011, and the top sources of foreign arrivals in Myanmar." .....
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Frontier Myanmar"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 07 November 2016

Title: Journeys without maps in Myanmar
Date of publication: 12 September 2016
Description/subject: "More open politics and new technologies are putting much of the country back on the beaten path..."
Author/creator: Andrew Selth
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 29 April 2017

Title: Tourist Sites and Socio‐Cultural Changes: A Case Study in Taungtham Village
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "The aim of this thesis research is to explore the socio-­‐cultural changes due to tourism and how tourism related to local development. Tourism is one of the activities of human for pleasure. As more and more foreign tourists and domestic travelers have been visiting to Thaungthaman village’s tourist sites, impacts of tourism influence on the local business. The growth in tourism-­‐based industries, including sightseeing by boat, selling souvenirs and other local products to visitors has presented local residents with new options and alternative source of income. Besides, the financial returns from tourism activity are having an effect on the society. KII (Key informant interview), participant observation, FGI (Focus Group interview) were employed to get the data. As a result, this paper indicated that tourism is one of the opportunities to meet the peoples, who have not seen each other before, and to show and see the culture or places and to find the adventure.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Thida
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2015

Title: Burma boykottieren oder buchen?
Date of publication: 23 January 2008
Description/subject: Wer in diesen Wochen durch das ärmste Land Asiens reist, begegnet wenigen Touristengruppen, aber einer wissbegierigen Bevölkerung, der Besucher herzlich willkommen sind. Ein 18-jähriger Informatik-Student, der auf dem Mandalay-Hügel die Mitglieder einer deutschen Reisegruppe anspricht, erläutert: „Wir wurden hier zwar Augenzeugen der Ereignisse, aber sonst wissen wir so gut wie nichts. Tourismus nach den Aufständen 2007; tourism after the uprisings 2007
Author/creator: Jürgen Diebäcker
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Der Westen
Format/size: Html (42 kb)
Date of entry/update: 02 May 2008

Title: Schweizer Geschäft mit Burmareisen
Date of publication: 10 October 2007
Description/subject: Im vergangenen Jahr beförderten die rund 30 Reiseveranstalter laut Schätzungen der Pacific Travel Association etwa 4'800 Schweizer Reisende nach Burma. Vor gut sechs Jahren, als der Schweizer Gewerkschaftsbund die Veranstalter aufgrund der flagranten Menschenrechtsverletzungen im Lande zum Rückzug aus Burma aufforderte, waren es etwa 20 Veranstalter, die rund 3'500 Reisende nach Burma schickten. Entgegen den Interpretationen in den Medien deuten die Zahlen darauf hin, dass weniger die Reisenden als die Reiseveranstalter resistent gegenüber Boykottaufrufen für Burmareisen sind. Tourismus-Statistiken; statistics on tourism; Swiss travel agencies in Burma;
Author/creator: Christine Plüss
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Arbeitskreis Tourismus & Entwicklung, fairunterwegs.ch
Date of entry/update: 18 October 2007

Title: Roy’s Rough Burma Guide
Date of publication: July 2007
Description/subject: Thirty years after its first appearance a lot has changed—but much else hasn’t
Author/creator: Jim Andrews
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 15, No. 7
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 May 2008

Title: Tiffin Time Again
Date of publication: January 2006
Description/subject: Government involvement helps restore shine to Rangoon's Strand Hotel... "Rangoon is a picture book of architectural gems from the years of British colonialism. But visitors have a frustrating time discovering them. The city streets so carefully planned and built in the mid-19th century have been allowed by neglectful Burmese post-colonial governments to fade and crumble. Layers of soot and grime accumulated over the years make it difficult to detect exquisite art nouveau and solid Victorian and Edwardian features of buildings that, in their time, would not have looked out of place in bourgeois areas of London..."
Author/creator: Jim Andrews
Language: Engllish
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 14, No. 1
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2006

Title: Welcome to the Real Burma
Date of publication: May 2005
Description/subject: Tour guides aren’t scared to tell the truth... "Burma’s independent tour guides can sometimes be refreshingly independent. San Tha Kyaw, the guide who welcomed us aboard the bus at the start of our package tour of Burma, was clearly no apologist for the regime, and his patter raised some eyebrows among our group. A Burmese soldier rests in front of a stupa in the archaeological zone of old Pagan “We are now driving along Pyay Road,” he informed us as we approached the city from the airport. “As we drive you will see that some parts of Yangon are not illuminated. That is because the government has established a rotating system to provide electricity to different parts of the city at a time. Our country is rich, but the people are poor. Our riches are taken by the military and big business.” As the bus approached University Avenue, San Tha Kyaw informed us that Aung San Suu Kyi’s home was on this road. “But you cannot go there. She is under house arrest. She is a very nice lady, she is upright.” A glowing description of Aung San Suu Kyi’s background, her life and achievements followed. “I can say that 99.9 percent of our people like her. Only 0.1 percent do not, and those are in the military.”..."
Author/creator: Tara Monroe
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 13, No. 5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 27 April 2006

Title: Mandalay: Birmas letzte Königsstadt
Date of publication: 02 June 2003
Description/subject: Mandalay - allein der Klang des Namens war Grund genug, nach Myanmar zu reisen. Und noch immer leuchten goldene Pagoden und weiße Stupas in der Sonne und das Straßenleben fasziniert. Eine Radtour durch die Goldene Stadt; description of a trip to Mandalay
Author/creator: Antje Blinda
Language: German, Deutsch
Format/size: Html (86 kb)
Date of entry/update: 02 May 2008

Title: Mong La: Burma's City of Lights
Date of publication: January 2003
Description/subject: "Cosmopolitan, garish and connected to the outside world via Internet and mobile phones, visitors to Mong La wonder if they are really in Burma anymore... For a while it seems like a road to nowhere. Only army checkpoints and small clusters of huts indicate some life. Then, quite suddenly, the view widens into a valley and the road changes from dirt to tar. At dusk the city ahead looks like a space shuttle that descended upon earth. Abundant neon lights line the buildings. Along a wide avenue, street lamps flash like fireworks. This is Mong La, the capital of Special Region Number Four in eastern Shan State. One wonders if this is still Burma. "Yuan," demands an old woman selling water when she is given kyat. A Chinese employee in the hotel hands over the key without the form filling and other paperwork so typical of the bureaucratic control elsewhere in the country. A condom in the basket of toiletries suggests there are other freedoms to be enjoyed too..."
Author/creator: Joan Williams
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 11, No. 1
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Stefan Loose Reisebuchverlag
Date of publication: 23 July 2001
Description/subject: Search for "Myanmar" on this German travel site.
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Stefan Loose Reisebuchverlag
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.stefan-loose.de/
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Myanmar: Mit dem Tomatenbeet unterwegs
Date of publication: 01 April 2001
Description/subject: Am Inle-See im Herzen Myanmars scheint es niemanden zu geben, der sich auf dem Wasser, in kippeligen Einbäumen und auf schwimmenden Beeten nicht ebenso sicher bewegt wie an Land. Für Europäer ist es deshalb eine wackelige Angelegenheit mit dem Einheimischen Suu Suu im Boot zu sitzen.Travelling lake Inle
Author/creator: Susanne Drießle
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Spiegel Online
Format/size: Html (80 kb)
Date of entry/update: 02 May 2008

Title: Mit dem Salonwagen durch Myanmar - 2000
Date of publication: 2000
Description/subject: Beschreibung einer Zug-Rundreise durch Burma; a journey through Burma by rail.
Author/creator: Ernst Löschmann
Language: German, Deutsch
Format/size: Html (90 kb)
Date of entry/update: 02 May 2008

Title: Interview with Informed Tourism
Date of publication: May 1998
Description/subject: The Irrawaddy recently spoke to an "informed tourist" who shared his impressions of Burma after a visit to see the country with his own eyes.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol.. 6, No. 3
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: "Introducing ecotourism" and other business-related articles
Date of publication: February 1998
Description/subject: Introducing ecotourism ...More State firms to be privatized ...Hydroelectric deal signed with China ... Norway imports more from Burma ... MOGE signs contract with oil companies ... Burma-Japan economic agreement ... Satellite deal with Shinawatra ... Iron sheet factory begins production ... Australia to produce pearl ... Pro-golf tournament planned/.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 6. No. 1
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003