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Magwe (Magway) Division

Individual Documents

Title: An Analytical Study of Ancient Temples in Myingun, Magway Region, Myanmar
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "Myingun stands about twenty three miles from Magway, Central Myanmar and is located at 20°1'0" north of the equator and 95°1'59" east of the Prime Meridian. Its area is 800 square miles (GUBSS 1901: 536). It was called Malekun in ancient time. When the cavalry of King Sawlu of Bagan (1077‐1084) stationed at there, it was named as Myinnkun. In Burmese language, Myinn means horse and kun means a stationed place. Thus Myinnkun means a place where cavalrymen stationed. But some say that Myin means see and gun means stupa with square tower. Therefore this place was called Myingun where can see the temple with sikhara. According to some inscriptions found in Myingun area, this region is located at there since the time of Bagan Period. Oral history says that King Sawlu of Bagan built this city for staying temporarily when he defended the rebel Ngayamakan.1 (Magway Township Record 1969: 139) The remnants of City wall, moat and temples can be seen still today. Myingun was an important place in the reign of Myanmar Kings. In successive era, the people of Myingun constructed to donate many religious edifices where the Buddha images were kept. Numerous temples were built and many images were carved. There are about sixty temples and stupās in Myingun. The art and architecture of these religious edifices show that some temples constructed since 12th Century. It is found that there have twenty seven temples with Bagan style of art and architecture in Myingun.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Khin Thidar
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (1.3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 07 September 2015

Title: A Nutrition and Food Security A ssessment of the Dry Zone of Myanmar in June and July 2013
Date of publication: July 2013
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: "This assessment of the rural Dry Zone reveals the nutrition situation to be a concern, with high rates of wasting and medium rates of stunting, high rates of low birth weight and high rates of undernutrition among mothers; particularly those who are pregnant and/or lactating. The pattern of indicators suggests that flood plains and irrigated areas are best off, and the highlands may be worst, but the situation is far from acceptable in the Dry Zone as a whole. A wide range of likely causes of undernutrition needs addressing. Acute and chronic malnutrition have shared determinants and there is a need to tackle one to tackle the other. Children’s and mother’s nutrition status are associated, and a child’s birth weight is an important determinant of their later nutrition status. This reminds us of the imortance of the 1000 day window of opportunity between a child’s conception and their second birthday, and the need to take a life-cycle approach; paying p articular attention to pregnant and breastfeeding mothers. Dietary factors and their determinants seem likely to be particularly important drivers of undernutrition as do deficiencies in water, sanitation, hygiene and the public health environment. An absence of consistent associations between household economic status and nutrition indicators is likely in part because of widespread poverty as well as the focus on data from the current situation. However, analysis of associations revealed only small contributions of any specific explanatory variable to the variance of any of the nutrition outcomes (including indicators of food security) which together with analysis of risk factors reinforces that there is not just two or three important causes of undernutrition in the Dry Zone. Rather,a multi-sector approach is required for malnutrition prevention and nutrition status improvement."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Save the Children, WFP and the Ministry of Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development
Format/size: pdf(1.6MB)
Alternate URLs: http://lift-fund.org/Dry%20Zone%20Consultation%20/Background_Studies_Reading/FINAL%20Nutrition%20an...
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014

Title: In Central Burma, a Lawless Rush for Oil
Date of publication: 29 May 2013
Description/subject: "Oil fields abandoned by Burma’s state-owned oil company in Magway Division have turned into a lawless arena for local drillers and smugglers looking for a profit—with knife fights settling scores between rival drillers, company officials and local residents say. The Dahatpin oil fields, on a highway about 20 miles outside Minhla Township, was once controlled by the Myanmar Oil and Gas Enterprise (MOGE) in a joint venture, but has recently become a magnet for illegal drillers and crude oil sellers..."
Author/creator: Sanay Lin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014

Title: Myanmar - An Analysis of Markets Across Magway Division, May 2010
Date of publication: May 2010
Description/subject: "...From the data collected, it is clear that markets in Magway sell a variety of food and that most of this food is available / sold in most markets across all townships. A t the current time very few items depict show low availability and do so due to seasonality of the crop. The only exception being petrol. The transport costs incurred in obtaining and selling petrol in markets would drive the costs up thus limiting 2 access and demand for the same. This could be a reason for the lack of availability of petrol in 50% of the sampled markets..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP)
Format/size: html, pdf(385K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/ena/wfp221540.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014

Date of publication: December 2009
Description/subject: EXECUTIVE SUMMARY: The food security situation in the Magway Division has not changed significantly following the drought conditions that affected the area in mid 2009. Levels of food insecurity are similar to those pre-drought. The assessment shows that food consumption of approximately 65% of the sample can be classified as ‘Inadequate” and 35% as ‘Adequate’. The 2008 November WFP Food Security Profile states that 71% of the sample was either moderately (39%) and / or severely (32%) food insecure. This is more-or- less a similar situation today, post-drought. What is striking is that both surveys identify the same Zones (B & A) as being the most vulnerable..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP)
Format/size: html, pdf (568K)
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014

Title: Food Security Profile
Date of publication: November 2008
Description/subject: "This Report summarizes the findings of the Food Security Profiling assessment carried out across the Dry Zone, especially in Magway Division in August 2008. This is the first time a Food Security Prof iling exercises has been conducted in the Dry Zone by the WFP and its Cooperating Partne rs, including OISCA, TDH, REAM, ADRA, and World Vision and the line department for Dryzone Department of Development Affairs. This profile attempts to present a sn apshot of household food security in the Dry Zone; 463 households in 59 villages under WFP project area of 6 townships: Pakokku, Pauk, Yesagyo, Natmauk, Chauk & Yenanchaung were covered under this assessment. It should be noted that the sample size has statistical limitations. However care was taken to ensure that the geographic coverage of the sample was considerable. The Dry Zone area is one of the more critical areas in the Union where the fragile ecosystem (a result of natural and human behaviour) has had adverse effects on household food security. Magway Division includes a vast semi-arid lowland surrounded by Mandalay Division the East and the Rahine Yoma and Chin hills on the West, Bago Division on the South and Sagaing Division in the north. The region also includes two major rivers, Ayeyarwady and Chindwin that flow through the Dry Zone from North to South towards the Delta. Average annual rainfall is low (500 to 1000 mm) compared to 5000 mm in other parts of the country..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Food Program (WFP)
Format/size: html, pdf (461K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents.wfp.org/stellent/groups/public/documents/ena/wfp194986.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014

Title: Magway Region
Description/subject: "Administration: Magway Region is made up of the districts of Magwe, Minbu, Thayet, Pakokku and Gangaw comprising 25 townships and 1,696 ward village-tracts. The capital is the city of Magwe (1994 population estimated at 300,000). Other major towns are Pakokku and Minbu..... Demographics: The population of Magway Region is 3,912,711 in 2014. Over 95% the people are Bamar, with very small numbers of minorities such as Chin, Rakhine, Karen, Shan, and others, including a tiny Anglo-Burmese population. During colonial times, this part of Burma had a large Anglo-Burmese population, descended from Western oil workers and their Burmese partners. Approximately 98% of the population is Buddhist."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipeida
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 18 December 2014