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Home > Main Library > Migration > Migrants' rights: standards and mechanisms > Migrants' rights: specific international and regional standards and mechanisms (commentaries)

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Migrants' rights: specific international and regional standards and mechanisms (commentaries)

Individual Documents

Title: Migration, Human Rights and Governance - Handbook for Parliamentarians
Date of publication: November 2015
Description/subject: Foreword: "Millions of people are on the move. The world’s policymakers and political leaders face the complex challenge of ensuring that migration takes place in ways that are fair, mutually beneficial and respectful of human rights. There is no shortage of laws and policies on migration. Some measures recognize the positive contribution of migrants and migration to economic welfare, to national prosperity and to development. However, other measures react to migration and to migrants as threatening phenomena. These measures can have negative consequences, including violations of the human rights of migrants and their families. Parliamentarians have a critical role to play to ensure a meaningful, balanced and informed response to migration. They are first of all responsible for adopting adequate laws on migration to give effect to international obligations entered into by the state under the international treaty framework, in particular with respect to human rights norms and labour standards. Parliamentarians, as well as governments, can and should promote fair and effective policies in order to maximize the benefits of migration while addressing the real challenges that host, transit and origin countries and migrants face. The Inter-Parliamentary Union, the International Labour Office and the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, according to their respective mandates, have decided to produce this information tool that should help parliamentarians to achieve the above objective. The handbook offers responses to fundamental questions on migration, such as those concerned with its root causes and possible responses in terms of good policies and practices, as well as the challenges, both for migrants and for countries, in relation to national well-being, development and social cohesion. The handbook proposes a balanced approach to make effective laws and policies that address the human rights of migrants and the governance of migration. The handbook reflects the long experience of our three cooperating organizations and our constituents worldwide. It contains examples of measures and practices relating to migration that have worked successfully. It is intended to be useful not only for parliamentarians, but also for government officials and civil servants as well as for social partners and civil society. The ultimate objective of this Handbook is to promote fair and rights-based migration policies, aligned with international norms and standards, in the interest of all migrants as well as host, transit and origin countries." - Martin Chungong, Secretary General Inter-Parliamentary Union... Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights... Guy Ryder Director-General International Labour Organization
Language: English
Source/publisher: Inter-Parliamentary Union (IPU) - Handbook for Parliamentarians N° 24
Format/size: pdf ( 2MB-reduced version; 2.7MB-original
Alternate URLs: http://www.ipu.org/PDF/publications/migration-en.pdf
Date of entry/update: 05 November 2015

Title: Migration, droits de l’homme et gouvernance - Guide pratique à l’usage des parlementaires
Date of publication: 16 October 2014
Description/subject: "Apporter une réponse censée, pondérée et éclairée à la migration exige la participation active des parlementaires. En premier lieu, ces derniers ont la charge d’adopter en matière de migration des lois de nature à donner un tour concret aux obligations souscrites par les Etats en vertu des traités internationaux, en particulier dans le domaine des droits de l’homme et des normes du travail. A l’instar de l’exécutif, les parlementaires peuvent, et doivent, s’engager en faveur de politiques efficaces et équitables permettant de tirer le meilleur parti possible de la migration tout en s’attaquant aux difficultés réelles rencontrées par les pays d’origine, de transit et d’accueil, ainsi que par les migrants. Dans cette publication, destinée à aider les parlementaires à atteindre cet objectif, l’Union interparlementaire, le Bureau international du Travail et le Haut-Commissariat des Nations Unies aux droits de l’homme offrent des réponses à des questions fondamentales en matière de migration, parmi lesquelles l’origine du phénomène et les politiques et pratiques susceptibles de constituer des solutions satisfaisantes, mais aussi les difficultés auxquelles se heurtent les migrants et les pays en matière de prospérité nationale, de développement et de cohésion sociale. Il propose une approche pondérée, de nature à permettre l’application concrète de lois et politiques tenant compte des droits de l’homme des migrants et améliorant la gouvernance de la migration..."
Language: French, Français
Source/publisher: Union interparlementaire - Guide pratique à l’usage des parlementaires N° 24
Format/size: pdf (1.6MB-reduced version; 2.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ipu.org/PDF/publications/migration-fr.pdf
Date of entry/update: 14 July 2017

Title: A Clouded Vision
Date of publication: May 2008
Description/subject: Critics dismiss Asean plan for free movement of labor... "DESPITE the high-minded ideals of the Asean Vision 2020 plan launched more than a decade ago by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (Asean), cynics continue to dismiss its aim of labor mobility in a “community of caring societies” as just so much humbug. A Declaration on the Protection and Promotion of the Rights of Migrant Workers, signed by Asean leaders in January 2007, “mandates Asean countries to promote fair and appropriate employment protection, payment of wages and adequate access to decent working and living conditions for migrant workers.” A migrant worker holds his document during a raid by Malaysian civilian volunteers and immigration officers on a construction site in Kuala Lumpur in 2005. (Photo: AP) In reality, the millions of desperate migrants who hope to escape poverty and repression in their home countries, including Burma, by migrating to Thailand and Malaysia find anything but these conditions..."
Author/creator: William Boot
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 5
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 May 2008

Title: The Mekong Challenge - Employment and Protection of Migrant Workers in Thailand: National Laws/Practices versus International Labour Standards?
Date of publication: 2005
Description/subject: Thai university professor and international law expert, Vitit Muntarbhorn, looks at the application of labour standards as they relate to migrant workers in Thailand. Professor Vitit concludes with a series of 12 recommendations for both government and non-government sectors. This publication also contains copies of all six sub-regional, bilateral, MOUs on counter trafficking and employment cooperation... "...Migrant workers can contribute greatly to their home and destination countries, if the process is well managed and if they are protected from abuse and exploitation. In reality, the situation is rendered complex by that fact that many do not enter the destination countries legally. In the market of demand and supply, regrettably many are victims of human smuggling and trafficking. Moreover, influxes of migrant workers who come without the necessary documents, such as visas and work permits, often result in draconian measures such as deportation from the territory of the destination countries, without adequate guarantees for their safety and dignity. The lesson from Thailand is that to date, a closed door policy on migration from neighbouring countries has not worked, given the porous border and Thailand's own labour market which acts as a pull factor. Wisely the country is now moving towards a new and more open door policy: managing migration through cooperation between the countries of origin and Thailand as a destination country, and synchronizing with Thailand's own labour market. In 2005 the country introduced a regularization process based upon registration of migrant workers and their employers, with guarantees for basic rights, and this needs to be supported well in terms of effective implementation and humane treatment of all workers....CONTENTS: Foreword... Executive Summary... 1. Introduction... 2. Employment/Protection of Migrant Workers in Thailand... 3. Thai Laws/Practices... 4. International Labour Standards... 5. National Laws/Practices and International Labour Standards... 6. Directions... 7. Notes.
Author/creator: Vitit Muntarbhorn
Language: English, Thai
Source/publisher: International Labour Organisation
Format/size: pdf (563K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/region/asro/bangkok/child/trafficking/downloads/migrantworkers.pdf
Date of entry/update: 03 May 2008