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Home > Main Library > 7-Step Roadmap (Steps leading up to, including and following the 2010 General Elections) > 7-Step Roadmap (Step 7): Building a modern, developed and democratic nation by the state leaders elected by the Hluttaw; and the government and other central organs formed by the Hluttaw (commentary)

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7-Step Roadmap (Step 7): Building a modern, developed and democratic nation by the state leaders elected by the Hluttaw; and the government and other central organs formed by the Hluttaw (commentary)

Individual Documents

Title: Burma's New Government: Prospects for Governance and Peace in Ethnic States
Date of publication: 29 May 2011
Description/subject: Conclusions and Recommendations: * Two months after a new government took over the reins of power in Burma, it is too early to make any definitive assessment of the prospects for improved governance and peace in ethnic areas. Initial signs give some reason for optimism, but the difficulty of overcoming sixty years of conflict and strongly-felt grievances and deep suspicions should not be underestimated... * The economic and geostrategic realities are changing fast, and they will have a fundamental impact – positive and negative – on Burma’s borderlands. But unless ethnic communities are able to have much greater say in the governance of their affairs, and begin to see tangible benefits from the massive development projects in their areas, peace and broadbased development will remain elusive... * The new decentralized governance structures have the potential to make a positive contribution in this regard, but it is unclear if they can evolve into sufficiently powerful and genuinely representative bodies quickly enough to satisfy ethnic * There has been renewed fighting in Shan State, and there are warning signs that more ethnic ceasefires could break down. Negotiations with armed groups and an improved future for long-marginalized ethnic populations is the only way that peace can be achieved.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI) & Burma Centrum Nederland (BCN). Burma Policy Briefing Nr 6, May 2011
Format/size: pdf (352K - OBL version; 1.1MB - original)
Date of entry/update: 30 May 2011

Date of publication: April 2011
Description/subject: CONTENTS:- WARDROBE CHANGE DOES NOT BRING DEMOCRACY... SPDC STILL IN POWER: Than Shwe calls the shots; New laws stregthen military power; New Parliament: MPs under “house arrest”; Restrictions dominate parliamentary proceedings; Political Parties Registration Law still threatens parties and MPs; Parliamentary debate a sham; Parliamentary committees to control legislative activity... THEIN SEIN: THAN SHWE’S “YES MAN” BECOMES PRESIDENT: Vice-President # 1: Tin Aungmyint Oo; Vice-President # 2: Mauk Kham aka Maung Ohn... THE CABINET: 100% ARE MEN, 86% ARE MILITARY MEN... AT THE LOCAL LEVEL: ETHNIC NATIONALITIES UNDERREPRESENTED: Key Positions at Division and State Level... PARLIAMENT WHO’S WHO: STRONGMEN, DRUG LORDS, AND CRONIES: The generals’ new clothes; Drug lords and regime cronies elected... ETHNIC NATIONALITY AREAS - CONFLICT ESCALATES: Karen State: Conflict rages; Shan State: Attacks on multiple fronts; Kachin State: Ceasefire broken, militarization increased; Chin State: Hostilities flare up; Mon State: Ceasefire on shaky ground; New ethnic military alliance formed... FREEDOM OF INFORMATION: THE CRACKDOWN CONTINUES: Media persons face harassment and imprisonment; Internet monitoring, phone bugging stepped up; Censorship intensifies... POLITICAL PRISONERS - MORE THAN 2,000 STILL DETAINED: No amnesty for political prisoners; Detention conditions remain abysmal... FLEEING BURMA’S ‘DEMOCRACY’- MORE REFUGEES AND IDPS UN says Burma is a regional burden; More Rohingya take to the sea; New arrivals at Thai-Burma border camps; SPDC Army offensives fuel internal displacement... BURMA’S ECONOMY - A BOON FOR MILITARY, CRONIES, & FOREIGN INVESTORS: Prices rise on political uncertainty; Military spending still top priority; Thousands strike in Rangoon; Students protest; Burma has the world’s sixth least free economy; Regime cronies acquire state properties; SEZs line the cronies’ pockets; Tavoy projects threaten local livelihoods and exploit workers; China’s looting of Burma continues... NLD & DAW AUNG SAN SUU KYI - STILL KEY POLITICAL PLAYERS: NLD, Daw Suu step up political activities; NLD outlines economic policy; Daw Suu - selection of policy-oriented statements... ANATOMY OF THE NEW REGIME
Language: English
Source/publisher: ALTSEAN-Burma (BURMA ISSUES & CONCERNS VOL.7)
Format/size: pdf (547K- OBL version; 1MB - original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.altsean.org/Docs/PDF%20Format/Issues%20and%20Concerns/Issues%20and%20Concerns%20Vol%207....
Date of entry/update: 26 April 2011

Title: Ethnic Politics in Burma: The Time for Solutions
Date of publication: February 2011
Description/subject: Conclusions and Recommendations: * An inclusive endgame has long been needed to achieve national reconciliation. But political and ethnic exclusions are continuing in national politics. If divisions persist, Burma’s legacy of state failure and national under-achievement will continue... * The moment of opportunity of a new government should not be lost. It is vital that the new government pursues policies that support dialogue and participation for all peoples in the new political and economic system. Policies that favour the armed forces and military solutions will perpetuate divisions and instability... * Opposition groups must face how their diversity and disunity have contributed to Burma’s history of state failure. If they are to support democratic and ethnic reforms, national participation and unity over goals and tactics are essential. All sides must transcend the divisions of the past... * As the new political era begins, the international community should prioritise policies that promote conflict resolution, political rights and equitable opportunity for all ethnic groups in national life, including the economy, health and education. Continued repression and exclusion will deepen grievances – not resolve them.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Transnational Institute (TNI) & Burma Centrum Nederland (BCN). Burma Policy Briefing Nr 5, February 2011
Format/size: pdf (462K - OBL version; 1.26 - original)
Date of entry/update: 30 May 2011