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Karen history

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: History of the Karen
Language: English
Alternate URLs: http://www.tawmeipa.org/History%20and%20Culture.htm
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: History of the Karen and the KNU
Language: English
Alternate URLs: http://www.karen.org/knu/KNU_His.htm
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Karen Culture
Description/subject: Karen History ... Books & Literatures ...Karen Dress ...Karen Stories ...Karen Holidays ...Karen Music
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen Website
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.karen.org/
Date of entry/update: 12 November 2010

Individual Documents

Title: The Dynamics of Karen National Union Political and Military Development: Reflecting the Shifting Landscape
Date of publication: 2010
Description/subject: Abstract: "This thesis investigates the themes and society of displaced Karen identity on the border between Burma and Thailand. The impact of the authoritarian military rule in Burma cannot be underestimated. The government exercises tremendous power to shape the social and economic environment. They determine whether a civil-society is prosperous and functions in an appropriate manner. Governments are also responsible for societal support and protection of all its populace. The population of Burma is essentially isolated from the global society through regime censorship and restrictions. The inter-linking spiral of humanitarian emergencies and continued to escalate, these include refugee, internally displaced people, the spread of preventable diseases and the illicit narcotic production. Recently, the Western governments had solidified their position towards the military junta resulting in a stalemate of diplomatic interaction, with ultimately the people of Burma being the victims of such actions. Current realities in the global sphere present the powerful Western Nations an opportunity for a change in perspective. US policy recommendations include a greater dialogue with the junta and the outcome of the election is seen as crucial to fostering better relation. It is imperative that long-essential reforms are undertaken if Burma if is to achieve lasting peace. The international community must develop coherent and focused policies towards Burma and make conflict resolution a priority. Humanitarian aid and displaced refugee support will play a vital role, and in the 21st Century regional dimensions must be addressed. The challenges of nation-state building must be made in conjunction with political, humanitarian, and economic issues."
Language: English
Source/publisher: University of Manchester (thesis submitted in 2010)
Subscribe: Peter James Bjorklund
Format/size: pdf (374K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2013

Title: The Karens and their Struggle for Freedom
Date of publication: August 2006
Description/subject: Originally published as ‘The Karens and their Struggle For Freedom’ in 1991 by the Karen National Union Reprinted under the same title by the KNU in July 1992, 18 pages, and in 1997 to include Peace talks in 1996/7, 42 pages. This version reprinted and updated with a new foreword, Chronology, colour illustrations, and images in 2006 by the Karen History and Culture Preservation Society...PREFACE (To the original Edition): "We, the Karens of Burma, have been cornered into fighting against the ruling Burmese Governments for the past fifty years. Holding the reins of all organs of the state, and in full control of the press radio, and television, the successive ruling Burmese Governments from U Nu’s AFPFL (Anti-Fascist People’s Freedom League) to the present Military Junta headed by General Than Shwe and his State Peace and Development Council ( SPDC ), have always painted us as black as they can. They have branded us insurgents, war-mongers, a handful of border smugglers, black-and stooges of both the communists and the imperialists. Even so, to the extent of our ability we have always tried to refute the nefarious one-sided Burman propaganda of false accusations and make the true facts of our cause known to the world. In fighting against the ruling Burmese Government, we are not being motivate by narrow nationalism, nor by ill-will towards the Burmese Government or the Burman people. Our struggle was not instigated neither by the capitalist world nor by the communists, as some have falsely accused us. It has an originality completely of its own. Throughout history, the Burman have been practicing annihilation, absorption and assimilation ( 3 A’s) against the Karens and they are still doing so today. In short, they are waging a genocidal war against us. Thus we have been forced to fight for our very existence and survival. In this document we venture to present a concise outline of the Karens’ struggle for freedom; the Karen case, which we consider just, righteous and noble. We hope that through it, the world may come to know the true situation of the Karens, a forgotten people who continue to fight for our freedom intensively, single handedly and without aid of any kind from anyone..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Karen History and Culture Preservation Society (KHCPS)
Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
Date of entry/update: 22 August 2006

Date of publication: November 2003
Description/subject: CONTENTS: 1. Karen social and political aspirations 2. Karen history and culture 3. Karen political organization
Author/creator: David Tharckabaw, Roland Watson
Language: English
Source/publisher: Dictator Watch
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 November 2010

Title: Karen History: in Their Own Words
Date of publication: October 2000
Description/subject: Most Burmese are familiar with aspects of Karen culture, but few are aware of its deeper significance as an expression of their unique values and historical experience.
Author/creator: Min Zin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 10
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Kawthoolei and Teak: Karen Forest Management on the Thai-Burmese Border
Date of publication: October 1997
Description/subject: "The Karen State of Kawthoolei has been heavily dependent on teak extraction to fund the Karen National Union struggle against the Burmese military junta, the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC). Raymond Bryant explores the social and economic structure of Kawthoolei, and the way in which resource extraction was more than simply a source of revenue � it was also an integral part of the assertion of Karen sovereignty..."
Author/creator: Raymond Bryant
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Watershed" Vol.3 No.1 July - October 1997
Format/size: pdf (59K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Burma and the Karens
Date of publication: 1928
Description/subject: "THE object of this book is to present and to explain to the reading public, and to those who are in authority, the condition of the Karens, the position they occupy, and their aspirations as a nation second in importance of the indigenous races of the province of Burma. It is their desire to have a country of their own, where they may progress as a race and find the contentment they seek. It is this contentment which gives a man or a nation that satisfaction and good-will and creates that patriotic feeling so essential to the well-being of the nation. Self-respect in a nation begets respect from other nations and races. What a grand thing the achievement of their ambition will be for the Karens, and what praises and blessing will be showered upon those who shall have made it possible. The Karens will then be in a position to show sincere respect to other races, especially to the Burmese, with whom they have been at variance, and in turn the Burmese will find them worthy of respect and esteem..."
Author/creator: Dr. San C. Po C.B.E.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Elliott Stock (Publisher)
Format/size: html (188K)
Date of entry/update: 05 May 2008

Title: Karen people
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 November 2010

Title: The Karen
Description/subject: Most people know of the Karen people from television documentaries, magazines and encyclopedias as the "long-neck" or "giraffe" tribe. But the women who wear these brass rings on their neck belong to a sub-group of the Karen known as the Padaung. There are other sub-groups who do not and never have practiced this custom. A further myth is that these rings act to elongate the wearer's neck. Any chiropractor or orthopedic surgeon will tell you that this would lead to paralysis or death. In fact the appearance of a longer neck is a visual illusion. The weight of the rings pushes down the collar bone, as well as the upper ribs, to such an angle that the collar bone actually appears to be a part of the neck!
Language: English
Source/publisher: Peoples of the World Foundation
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 November 2010