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Sustainable/ethical/responsible tourism (Burma/Myanmar)

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: "Lonely Planet": Myanmar
Date of publication: 07 September 2009
Description/subject: # When to go # Sights # Money & Costs # Getting there & around # History ..."Travelling to Myanmar presents an ethical decision - Should you go? Check the warning below or go to our responsible travel section..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Lonely Planet
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.lonelyplanet.com/myanmar-burma/travel-tips-and-articles/76954
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: EcoBurma
Description/subject: "EcoBurma is a non-profit project run by the Czech non-governmental organization Burma Center Prague that seeks to promote responsible travel to Burma through innovate awareness-raising and capacity-building."
Language: English
Source/publisher: EcoBurma
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2012

Title: EcoBurma - travel to Burma / Myanmar
Description/subject: "Description: EcoBurma is a non-profit project established in 2011 by the Czech NGO Burma Center Prague. It seeks to promote responsible travel to Burma through awareness-raising and capacity-building. It also provides a platform for discussion and data collection... Encouraged by the NLD’s recent declaration in support of responsible tourism to Burma, we have developed the project based on our experience with awareness-raising about traveling to Burma... Our Approach: * Empower People: We want locals in Burma to have the capacity to identify issues related to tourism and the strength to defend their rights. * Contribute Stories: We want to change the way people travel to Burma by raising their awareness. We won’t achieve this through classroom lessons, but through stories from travelers and locals. * Own Your Choices: We want you to make an informed decision about your trip to Burma, in every detail. The choice is yours.
Language: English
Source/publisher: EcoBurma
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2012

Title: MCRB Sector-Wide Impact Assessment on Tourism Linked Initiatives – February 2015 version 1 Linked Initiatives in the Myanmar Tourism Sector
Description/subject: "This supplement to Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business’ (MCRB) Tourism Sector-Wide Impact Assessment aims to outline the existing initiatives to promote responsible tourism in Myanmar. The initiatives below are carried out by the Government of Myanmar, international donors, international and local civil society organizations, international organizations and the tourism industry. A number of them are in follow up to the Tourism Master Plan although not all of the initiatives identified in that Plan have been funded or are currently being pursued..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business’ (MCRB)
Format/size: pdf (510K)
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2015

Title: Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business
Description/subject: "The Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business is a new initiative to encourage responsible business activities throughout Myanmar. The Centre is a joint initiative of the Institute for Human Rights and Business (IHRB) and the Danish Institute for Human Rights (DIHR). Based in Yangon, it aims to provide a trusted, impartial forum for dialogue, seminars, and briefings to relevant parties as well as access to international expertise and tools. Vicky Bowman is the first Director of the Centre. She draws on seven years of living in Yangon, is fluent in the Myanmar language and has many years' experience of working on responsible business issues, within the private sector and government. The United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, which were unanimously endorsed in June 2011 by the UN Human Rights Council, are key to the Centre’s mission and activities..."
Language: English, Burmese
Source/publisher: Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 24 May 2014

Title: Responsible Tourism
Description/subject: "...VFB recognizes that the political situation in Burma is very complex and nuanced, and that there is no simple solution. Many Burma campaign groups feel that economic sanctions and a tourist boycott are the solution and on this point we disagree. However like all Burma campaign groups, our ultimate goal is to help the people of Burma achieve freedom, democracy and basic human rights, and it is our belief that these things can only take hold in an environment of cooperation and communication, embracing different viewpoints. We welcome and encourage debate on the issue of tourism in Burma and hope to use this space as an open forum where all voices can be heard..."
Source/publisher: Voices for Burma
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 February 2010

Title: Responsible Tourism Policy für Myanmar
Description/subject: "Am 27. September 2012 fanden in Nay Pyi Taw, der Hauptstadt Myanmars, unter dem Titel „Tourism & Sustainable Energy: Powering Sustainable Development“ erstmals offizielle Feierlichkeiten zum jährlichen Welttourismustag der Vereinten Nationen statt. Die Veranstaltung eröffnete der Vizepräsident der Republik der Union Myanmar, Dr. Sai Mauk Kham. Neben Kabinettsministern und ranghohen Beamten waren auch Vertreter ausländischer Botschaften und Nichtregierungsorganisationen anwesend. Der Welttourismustag der Vereinten Nationen macht aufmerksam auf das Potential von Tourismus und die Auswirkungen auf politische, soziale und kulturelle sowie wirtschaftliche Werte. Für Myanmar, das über 50 Jahre von der internationalen Gemeinschaft isoliert war und zu einem der ärmsten Länder der Erde zählt, ist der Tourismus eine der wichtigsten Einnahmequellen. Wirtschaftlicher Fortschritt und die Verbesserung der Lebensbedingungen für mehr als 54 Millionen Burmesen sind auch eine Voraussetzung für die Demokratisierung..."
Language: Deutsch, German
Source/publisher: Hanns Seidel Foundation
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012

Title: Tourism Sector-Wide Impact Assessment
Description/subject: "The Tourism Sector-Wide Impact Assessment (SWIA), the second SWIA developed by the Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business (MCRB) in partnership with its co-founders, the Danish Institute of Human Rights and the Institute of Human Rights and Business, is intended to support responsible business practices in this growing sector of Myanmar’s economy.... * Executive Summary and Recommendations * Executive Summary and Recommendations (Burmese) * Myanmar Tourism Sector-Wide Impact Assessement (complete)... The Myanmar Tourism SWIA puts detailed information on potential impacts of the sector into the public domain for uptake and use by a wide range of audiences. It assesses not only localised and cumulatives impacts on individuals and groups that may arise from tourism in specific locations, but also the sector’s potential impacts on Myanmar society as a whole and the choices to be made..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business (MCRB)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2015

Title: Tourism Transparency
Description/subject: "Tourism Transparency is a non-government organization (NGO) that promotes political awareness amongst tourists to Burma. We raise awareness about the economic, social, environmental and political impacts of tourism. Our aim is to ensure tourists are not naive when they visit Burma. Burma’s government has a keen interest in promoting tourism and is looking for support from the international tourism industry. Tourism is becoming increasingly important for them to counter international condemnation of its violation of human rights. Tourism Transparency campaigns for an open and accountable tourism industry. Based on our extensive knowledge about tourism and our long involvement as political activists for Burma, we will present our research findings to you. We want to increase the positive impacts of tourism to boost the economy of Burma, a country that ranks as one of the poorest nations in the world. In order to minimize the negative impacts of tourism we raise awareness on the consequences of a-political tourists who turn a blind eye to issues of human rights. Tourism Transparency does not judge tourists if they decide to travel to Burma – we are happy to see aware and responsible travelers visiting the country and spending their money wisely! But we urge tourists to respect Aung San Suu Kyi and visit the country in a way that helps the Burmese people on the ground..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Tourism Transparency
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 September 2011

Individual Documents

Title: MCRB Consults on Draft Tourism Sector-Wide Impact Assessment
Date of publication: 30 September 2014
Description/subject: MCRB held a consultation on the draft tourism sector-wide impact assessment in Yangon on: Monday 25 August – for business stakeholders, in English... Tuesday 26 August – for international NGO/government/advisory stakeholders, in English... Wednesday 27 August – for local civil society organisations, in Myanmar... Documents for discussion included the following:
Language: English
Source/publisher: The Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 02 October 2014

Title: Responsible Tourism in Myanmar: Current Situation and Challenges
Date of publication: 10 December 2012
Description/subject: "...There is an urgent need for a critical debate on mass tourism in Myanmar, particularly the viability and frailty of the Myanmar Responsible Tourism Policy that is soon to be framed by the Myanmar Tourism Master Plan. ‘One of the most fascinating aspects of travel in Myanmar is the opportunity to experience a corner of Asia that, in many ways, has changed little since British colonial times,’ says the Lonely Planet. It remains to be seen how this place of authenticity will be reshaped by mass tourism as a force of globalisation in the near future, and how the state of Myanmar will responsibly respond to the challenges brought about by mass tourism..."
Author/creator: Ko Ko Thet
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Center Prague.
Format/size: pdf (1.5MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ecoburma.com
Date of entry/update: 10 December 2012

Title: Myanmar tourism after the boycott
Date of publication: 23 November 2012
Description/subject: "The touristification of Myanmar has begun. The Ministry of Hotels and Tourism declared tourism the country’s ‘national priority sector’ in its Responsible Tourism Policy (RTP), released in September. In the same month, the Ministry had signed the Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar and Vietnam Tourism Cooperation (CLMV), which aims to welcome 25 million visitors in the region, with four million ‘exchange visitors’ in each country, over the period 2013-2015. Myanmar’s tourism infrastructure was already strained by half a million tourists in the first half of 2012, compared to almost 400,000 in 2011. Myanmar’s membership of CLMV is not only un-legislated and un-democratic but it also ignores ‘value over volume’ advice by the UNWTO. As the ruling Union Solidarity and Development Party is widely expected to be voted out in the 2015 elections, the CLMV is seen as the former generals’ unscrupulous attempt to make hay while the sun shines..."
Author/creator: Ko Ko Thett
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 25 November 2012

Title: Dos and Don'ts for Tourists - How you can visit Myanmar Responsibly
Date of publication: November 2012
Description/subject: 30 cautionary cartoons, useful words and phone numbers
Language: English,
Source/publisher: Tourism Transparency, Ministry of Hotels and Tourism
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 09 November 2012

Title: ADB, Norway to Help Myanmar Manage Tourist Boom
Date of publication: 11 October 2012
Description/subject: MANILA, PHILIPPINES – The Asian Development Bank (ADB) and Norway will help Myanmar cope with an exploding tourism sector with a $225,000 grant designed to generate a sustainable tourism master plan. “Myanmar is undergoing a period of dramatic change, and the skyrocketing number of tourists visiting the country is already putting existing tourism infrastructure under enormous strain,” said Putu Kamayana, Head of ADB’s Extended Mission in Myanmar. “To ensure benefits of the burgeoning tourism industry are sustainable and extend to more of Myanmar’s people, the country needs a comprehensive plan that respects culture and the environment.”
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012

Title: Myanmar Responsible Tourism Policy (English and Burmese)
Date of publication: 27 September 2012
Description/subject: Contents: Minister's Introduction... Background... Responsible Tourism... Statement of Commitment... Our Vision... Our Aims... Action Points... Map of Myanmar... Stakeholder Involvement... Monitoring, Reporting and Revision
Language: English, Burmese/ ျမန္မာဘာသာ
Source/publisher: Ministry of Hotels and Tourism, Myanmar Touriam Federation, Hanns Seidel Foundation (Germany)
Format/size: pdf (English: 1.8MB-OBL version; 5.16MB-original. Burmese-3.4MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs14/Myanmar_Responsible_Tourism_Policy-bu-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 25 November 2012

Title: The Draft Responsible Tourism Policy for Myanmar formulated successfully
Date of publication: June 2012
Description/subject: "From the 22nd of May to the 5th of June in workshops all over Myanmar and in a Concluding Conference more than 350 participants from public and private tourism sector expressed that tourism should be developed in a responsible and sustainable way. Local communities, local authorities and local initiatives should be integrated as much as possible. Additionally it was articulated to raise awareness campaigns about the (negative) impacts of tourism, especially focusing on child sex tourism and human trafficking. The Deputy-Minister for Hotels and Tourism, H.E. U Htay Aung, opening the concluding conference said in Nay Pyi Taw on 5th June: “The Ministry has repeatedly stated its commitment to uphold the principles of Responsible Tourism. We are fully aware that the success of tourism can be judged by the net benefit to the country and its people.” The aim he said: “ is a simple one – to encourage every travel company, operator, hotel and destination to take real action and show consumers that they not only care about the sustainability of the tourism industry in Myanmar but also the communities that are so often negatively affected by mass tourism. Responsible Tourism can be used to get competitive advantage..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Hanns Seidel Foundation
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012

Title: Nay Pyi Taw Responsible Tourism Statement Taking Responsibility for Tourism – A working week on responsible tourism planning in Myanmar
Description/subject: "This statement is the outcome of the Taking Responsibility for Tourism – A working week on responsible tourism planning in Myanmar. Prepared by Professor Harold Goodwin, Nicole Haeusler, Achim Munz and the public and private sector of the Myanmar tourism industry."
Author/creator: Professor Harold Goodwin, Nicole Haeusler, Achim Munz
Language: English
Source/publisher: http://mekongtourism.org
Format/size: pdf (81K)
Date of entry/update: 26 November 2012