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Home > Main Library > Environment > The environment of Burma/Myanmar > Human activity in the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Threats to the environment of Burma/Myanmar > Multiple threats

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Multiple threats

Individual Documents

Title: 'With only our voices, what can we do?': Land confiscation and local response in southeast Myanmar. - Texts, maps and video (English, Karen Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Date of publication: 30 June 2015
Description/subject: "Villagers in Karen areas of southeast Myanmar continue to face widespread land confiscation at the hands of a multiplicity of actors. Much of this can be attributed to the rapid expansion of domestic and international commercial interest and investment in southeast Myanmar since the January 2012 preliminary ceasefire between the Karen National Union (KNU) and the Myanmar government. KHRG first documented this in a 2013 report entitled ‘Losing Ground’, which documented cases of land confiscation between January 2011 and November 2012. This report, ‘With only our voices, what can we do?’, is a follow up to that analysis and highlights continued issue areas while identifying newly documented trends. The present analysis assesses land confiscation according to a number of different factors, including: land use type; geographic distribution across KHRG’s seven research areas; perpetrators involved; whether or not compensation and/or consultation occurred; and the effects that confiscation had on local villagers. This report also seeks to highlight local responses to land confiscation, emphasising the agency that individuals and communities in southeast Myanmar already possess and the obstacles that they face when attempting to protect their own human rights. By focusing on local perspectives and giving priority to villagers’ voices, this report aims to provide local, national, and international actors with a resource that will allow them to base policy and programmatic decisions that will impact communities in southeast Myanmar more closely on the experiences and concerns of the people living there."..... Toungoo (Taw Oo) District... Hpa-an District... Dooplaya District... Hpapun (Mutraw) District... Mergui-Tavoy District... Thaton (Doo Tha Htoo) District... Nyaunglebin (Kler Lwee Htoo) District...
Language: English, Karen and Burmese
Source/publisher: Karen Human Rights Group (KHRG)
Format/size: html, pdf (en-5MB; bu-5.5MB; maps-en-2.8MB; maps-bu-2.7MB; appendices1&2-en-2.7MB; appendix 3-en+bu-614K; briefer-Karen-2.7MB) video (Adobe Flash, 16 minutes)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/KHRG-2015-06-30-With_only_our_voices-en-red.pdf
Date of entry/update: 10 July 2015

Title: A Better Road to Dawei: Protecting Wildlife, Sustaining Nature, Benefiting People - An Overview Report
Date of publication: June 2015
Description/subject: "Given that the proposed Dawei Industrial Development project and associated road to Thailand have been approved and are likely to be built in the coming years, WWF has significant concerns about the potential impacts on the globally important biodiversity of the Tanintharyi Region, including tiger habitat, dense forests, species-rich rivers and marine resources, which are a critical resource for local communities. The Dawei Project cannot avoid impacting the environment and communities in the region, but WWF believes that those impacts must be minimized by careful planning and use of mitigation measures throughout the process, from design to development to completion and beyond. WWF calls on the governments of Thailand and Myanmar, as well as the project’s developers, to first carry out a comprehensive strategic environmental assessment, including social impacts, of the project, including the sea port, industrial zone and associated industries and the road between the Myanmar Special Economic Zone and Thailand. WWF also recommends that the results of the assessments, be used by technical experts, community representatives, and the project developers to design the project in a way that prioritizes the value of the region’s critical ecosystem services, biodiversity and community needs. Negative environmental impacts from the Dawei project should be monitored and mitigated before, during and after construction and fair compensation provided for those affected."
Author/creator: Hanna Helsingen (WWF), Sai Nay Won Myint (WWF), Nirmal Bhagabati (WWF), Adam Dixon (WWF), Nasser Olwero (WWF), Ashley Scott Kelly (University of Hong Kong), and Dorothy Tang (University of Hong Kong).
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Format/size: pdf (3.4MB-reduced version; 9.7MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://d2ouvy59p0dg6k.cloudfront.net/downloads/wwfmmr_betterroadtodawei.pdf
Date of entry/update: 09 November 2015

Title: The Threat to Burma’s Environment
Date of publication: 17 September 2010
Description/subject: More than 20 mega-dams are being constructed or planned on Burma’s major rivers, including the Salween and Irrawaddy, by multinationals without consulting local communities, a wide range of NGOs charged in a statement Friday. In addition, the group charged, mining, oil and gas projects are creating severe environmental and social problems. Several papers are to be delivered on Sept. 18 in an all-day seminar in Bangkok on the impact and consequences of overseas investment in large-scale projects in Burma that say as many as 30 companies from China alone are investing in dam projects on the two rivers.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Asia Sentinel
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.asiasentinel.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=129&Itemid=125
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2010

Title: China plundering natural resources in Burma
Date of publication: 07 July 2010
Description/subject: China was variously described as plunderer and arch destroyer of Burma’s natural resources on the 38th World Environment Day today, by local people and environmental activists.Mindless logging and rampant mining in northern Burma by China for over two decades has led to widespread deforestation, pollution of rivers and land with Mercury used in gold mining. There is now varied ecological dysfunction that the country has to contend with. 060510-timber
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kachin News Group (KNG)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2010

Title: Kachin state, waiting for an ecological disaster
Date of publication: 31 December 2008
Description/subject: Kachin State in northern Burma is sitting on a powder keg of an ecological disaster. From impending dam related devastation to the rape of the environment in terms of incalculable damage to the flora and fauna has rendered the state extremely vulnerable. Rampant felling of trees and the wanton killing of myriad wildlife for filthy lucre for export to China has led to a serious situation which is far from being addressed.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Kachin News
Format/size: html, pdf (252.26 KB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.kachinnews.com/commentary/689-kachin-state-waiting-for-an-ecological-disaster-commentary...
Date of entry/update: 20 September 2010

Title: Identifying conservation issues in Kachin State
Date of publication: January 2007
Description/subject: Conclusion: "Kachin State is rich in natural resources. Its location near resourcehungry China and its rule by people in need of hard currency has resulted in the unsustainable exploitation of its natural resources. In addition, the complex governance system makes management of these resources difficult. This research has attempted to reflect the situation of the many voiceless people in Kachin State. A pragmatic approach is required to work together with all stakeholders. An opportunity should be opened for the active participation of local stakeholders in managing their resources not only for current but future generations. Regardless of the country’s political situation, international assistance for conservation in Myanmar is needed urgently. Such aid is required not for the support of undemocratic practices, but to help the people of Myanmar, who deserve to manage their environment through the country’s democratisation process."
Author/creator: Tint Lwin Thaung
Language: English
Source/publisher: 2006 Burma Update Conference via Australian National University
Format/size: pdf (117K)
Alternate URLs: http://epress.anu.edu.au/myanmar/pdf/ch12.pdf
Date of entry/update: 31 December 2008

Title: Smash & Grab: Conflict, Corruption and Human Rights Abuses in the Shrimp Farming Industry
Date of publication: June 2003
Description/subject: "...Shrimp farming has led to serious conflict over land rights and access to natural resources. Resulting social problems include increased poverty, landlessness, and reduced food security. In Ecuador, a single hectare of mangrove forest has been shown to provide food and livelihood for ten families, while a prawn farm of 110 hectares employs just six people during preparation and a further five during harvest. Globally, tens of thousands of rural poor in developing countries have been displaced following the impact of shrimp farming on traditional livelihoods. For instance, 20 thousand fisher-folk in Sri Lanka's Puttalam District migrated following declines of fish catches following the advent of shrimp farming. Wealth generated by exporting farmed shrimp rarely trickles down to the communities affected by the industry. Corruption, poor governance and greed have resulted in powerful individuals making vast sums of money from shrimp farming with little regard for the basic human rights of the poor communities living in shrimp farming areas. "It is another example of resource-use conflict in which the poor and vulnerable are suppressed by a powerful elite intent on making quick profits, whilst turning a blind eye to the abuses that result" said Dr Mike Shanahan of EJF..." Examples from Burma
Language: English
Source/publisher: Environmental Justice Foundation
Format/size: pdf (2399K)
Date of entry/update: 23 June 2003

Title: Breaking the Silence
Date of publication: 15 March 2002
Description/subject: Paper submitted to the forty-sixth session of the Commission on the Status of Women March 4-15, 2002 by Women's League of Burma (WLB). "...The aim of this paper is to highlight some of the root causes of poverty and environmental degradation in Burma, and show how this has affected women and to give examples of how women are organizing themselves to survive and create an enabling environment for political and social change, and for gender equality..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Women's League of Burma (WLB)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://womenofburma.org/breaking-the-silence/
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Paradise Lost?
Date of publication: September 1994
Description/subject: Environment and Freedom of Expression in Burma. In the past decade, there has been a growing international consensus over the fundamental relationship between the universal values of "human rights", "environmental rights" and "development rights". "The Myanmar Tourism Policy is based on preservation of cultural heritage, protection of natural environment, regional development and generation of foreign exchange earnings."
Author/creator: Martin Smith
Language: English
Source/publisher: Article 19
Format/size: pdf (174K)
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The Biodiversity Hotspots - Indo-Burma pages
Description/subject: Encompassing more than 2 million km² of tropical Asia, Indo-Burma is still revealing its biological treasures. Six large mammal species have been discovered in the last 12 years: the large-antlered muntjac, the Annamite muntjac, the grey-shanked douc, the Annamite striped rabbit, the leaf deer, and the saola. This hotspot also holds remarkable endemism in freshwater turtle species, most of which are threatened with extinction, due to over-harvesting and extensive habitat loss. Bird life in Indo-Burma is also incredibly diverse, holding almost 1,300 different bird species, including the threatened white-eared night-heron, the grey-crowned crocias, and the orange-necked partridge.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Conversation International
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 September 2010