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Japanese economic development assistance

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Mekong Watch Japan
Date of publication: 1993
Description/subject: "Mekong Watch is the Japanese NGO established in1993 to monitor and research social and environmental impacts of the Japanese development initiatives in the Mekong region, and to advocate more sustanable and people-centered ways..." It appears to be a consortium of NGOs, largely Japanese, which aims "...to create channels for local people in the Mekong region to participate in each decision-making process of development initiatives affecting their livelihoods, cultures and ecosystems. We will foster a deeper understanding of them and their impacts, and support local people for benefiting their own development paths based on their local resources and rules. Strategies 1.Information gathering and analysis on problematic development plans. 2.Understanding social and environmental situation in Mekong River Region. 3.Feedback of relevant information both to Mekong region and Japan. 4.Developing ideas on information disclosure, participation and civil society. Critical, in particular, of Japanese-funded dams.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Japan-Myanmar Relations
Description/subject: Diplomatic Relations, Number of Japanese Nationals residing in Myanmar, Number of Myanmar Nationals residing in Japan, Trade with Japan (1998) Direct Investment from Japan, Japan's Economic Cooperation, List of Grant Aid - Exchange of Notes in Fiscal Year 2002, VIP Visits. Statements by Japanese officials, Press Secretary's Press Conference on Myanmar
Language: English
Source/publisher: Japanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Individual Documents

Title: Development, Environment and Human Rights in Burma/Myanmar ~Examining the Impacts of ODA and Investment~Public Symposium Report, Tokyo, Japan
Date of publication: 15 December 2001
Description/subject: Chapter 1: ODA and Foreign Investment p7; Chapter 2: Japanese Policy Towards Myanmar p14; Chapter 3: Baluchaung Hydropower Plant No 2 p19; Chapter 4: Tasang Dam and Yadana Gas Pipeline p22; Chapter 5: The UNOCAL Case p26; Chapter 6: Panel Discussion p30; Chapter 7: Development in Other Countries 40; Chapter 8: Reviewing Development p43; References: p45. "...One objective of the symposium was to examine how development has affected people and the environment in Burma. Another objective was to examine the roles of the Japanese government, of private companies, and of individuals in development in Burma. Each speaker had his or her own ideas about what is best for Burma. Does Burma need development? If so, what kind of development does it need? For development, is it necessary for other countries to give Official Development Assistance (ODA)? Should ODA be given under the current military regime? Should companies invest in Burma now? Do ODA and investment help the people of Burma? ..."
Author/creator: (Speakers): Ms. Taeko Takahashi, Mr. Teddy Buri, Ms. Hsao Tai, Ms. Yuki Akimoto, Mr. Nobuhiko Suto, Mr. Shigeru Nakajima
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mekong Watch, Japan
Format/size: PDF (640K) 45pg
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Japan gives assurance on aid
Date of publication: 11 November 2001
Description/subject: "MYANMAR is unlikely to be greatly affected by the Tokyo government�s decision to cut overseas development aid by 10 per cent for the fiscal year beginning next April, a Japanese diplomat said last week..."
Author/creator: Myo Lwin
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Myanmar Times", Vol. 5, No.88, November 5 - 11, 2001.
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2010

Title: Japanese Aid to Burma Only Adds to Confusion
Date of publication: 23 August 2001
Description/subject: The news of the Japanese Government’s aid of ?3.5 billion (US $28 million) for the Lawpita hydropower plant renovation in Kayah (Karenni) State in Burma was very surprising news for Burmese democracy groups and the international community. The current situation of Burma’s political crisis is really critical and confusing. On one side is the powerful military junta, which never cares about violations of rights. On the other are the democracy groups and their international circle of sympathizers. Where the Japanese Government stands is not so clear. Those who can’t refuse to help others are noble; but is giving a gun to a bloodthirsty killer really helping?
Author/creator: U Sein
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" (Commentary)
Format/size: If this URL does not get you to quite the right place, scroll down to the article, or use your
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Japan errs again
Date of publication: May 2001
Description/subject: "The surest sign that the talks between Burma�s ruling junta and the democratic opposition were in serious trouble came in early April, when Japan�s then-Foreign Minister Yohei Kono announced that his country was ready to "reward" the regime to the tune of $28 million for repairs to a hydroelectric power station in Karenni State..."
Author/creator: Editorial
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 9, No. 4
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: "Greedy" Regime Stuns Japanese
Date of publication: February 2000
Description/subject: Officials in Japan, historically Burma's largest creditor, have been left shaking their heads over the SPDC's latest efforts to tap into the wealth of Asia's richest nation.
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy", Vol. 8. No. 2 (Business section)
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The North Wind and the Sun: Japan's Response To The Political Crisis in Burma, 1988-1998
Date of publication: 1999
Description/subject: "Japan's response to the political crisis in Burma after the establishment of the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) in September 1988 reflected the interests of powerful constituencies within the Japanese political system, especially business interests, to which were added other constituencies such as domestic supporters of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi's struggle for democracy and those who wished to pursue 'Sun Diplomacy,' using positive incentives to encourage democratization and economic reform. Policymakers in Tokyo, however, approached the Burma crisis seeking to take minimal risks--a "maximin strategy"--which limited their effectiveness in influencing the junta. This was evident in the February 1989 "normalization" of Tokyo's ties with SLORC. During 1989-1998, Japanese business leaders pushed hard to promote economic engagement, but "Sun Diplomacy" made little progress in the face of the junta's increasing repression of the democratic opposition." Online publication with kind permission of the author and the Journal of Burma Studies
Author/creator: Donald M. Seekins
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of Burma Studies, Vol. 4 (1999)
Format/size: html (237K); pdf (2.17MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.grad.niu.edu/burma/publications/jbs/vol4/index.shtml
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) Charter
Date of publication: 30 June 1992
Description/subject: Cabinet Decisions June 30, 1992. "In order to garner broader support for Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) through better understanding both at home and abroad and to implement it more effectively and efficiently, the government of Japan has established the following Charter for its ODA: ..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Government of Japan
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003