VL.png The World-Wide Web Virtual Library
[WWW VL database || WWW VL search]
donations.gif asia-wwwvl.gif

Online Burma/Myanmar Library

Full-Text Search | Database Search | What's New | Alphabetical List of Subjects | Main Library | Reading Room | Burma Press Summary

Home > Main Library > Climate Change > Climate Change - policy > Mitigation

Order links by: Reverse Date Title


Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Climate Change and Adaption/Mitigation (MYLAFF folder)
Description/subject: To access some files, users may have to take out a (free) subscription to MYLAFF at https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff
Language: English
Source/publisher: MYLAFF
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/mylaff
Date of entry/update: 08 June 2016

Title: Climate change mitigation
Description/subject: "Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit the magnitude or rate of long-term climate change.[3] Climate change mitigation generally involves reductions in human (anthropogenic) emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs).[4] Mitigation may also be achieved by increasing the capacity of carbon sinks, e.g., through reforestation.[4] Mitigation policies can substantially reduce the risks associated with human-induced global warming.[5] According to the IPCC's 2014 assessment report, "Mitigation is a public good; climate change is a case of the 'tragedy of the commons'. Effective climate change mitigation will not be achieved if each agent (individual, institution or country) acts independently in its own selfish interest (see international cooperation and emissions trading), suggesting the need for collective action. Some adaptation actions, on the other hand, have characteristics of a private good as benefits of actions may accrue more directly to the individuals, regions, or countries that undertake them, at least in the short term. Nevertheless, financing such adaptive activities remains an issue, particularly for poor individuals and countries."[6..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Wikipedia
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 20 August 2012

Individual Documents

Title: To Save the Planet From Climate Catastrophe, New Study Says Put Down the Damn Meat
Date of publication: 11 October 2018
Description/subject: "Adopting healthy and more plant-based diets globally could reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of the food system by more than half...Amid fresh warnings from United Nations researchers that there is a closing window to enact the "rapid, far-reaching, and unprecedented" societal changes needed to prevent a climate catastrophe, a new study of the global food system underscores the environmental necessity of a massive reduction in meat consumption worldwide. Considering projections that the world's population could grow to 10 billion by 2050, "Options for Keeping the Food System Within Environmental Limits", published Wednesday in the scientific journal "Nature", found that mitigating the climate crisis requires overhauling the current system by shifting toward more plant-based diets, improving technologies and management, and slashing food waste by at least half. "Feeding a world population of 10 billion is possible, but only if we change the way we eat and the way we produce food," study co-author Johan Rockström of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK) in Germany told the Guardian. "Greening the food sector or eating up our planet: this is what is on the menu today."..."
Author/creator: Jessica Corbett
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Common Dreams"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2018

Title: Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits
Date of publication: 10 October 2018
Description/subject: Authors: Johan Rockström; Benjamin Leon Bodirsky; Brent Loken; Charles Godfray; Daniel Mason-D'Croz; David Tilman; Fabrice DeClerck; Jess Fanzo; Keith Wiebe; Kimberly M. Carlson; Line J. Gordon; Luis Lassalettas; Malin Jonell; Marco Springmann; Mario Herrero; Max Troell; Michael Clark; Mike Rayner; Peter Scarborough; Rami Zurayk; Sonja J. Vermuelen; Walter Willett; Wim de Vries... Abstract: "The food system is a major driver of climate change, changes in land use, depletion of freshwater resources, and pollution of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems through excessive nitrogen and phosphorus inputs. Here we show that between 2010 and 2050, as a result of expected changes in population and income levels, the environmental effects of the food system could increase by 50–90% in the absence of technological changes and dedicated mitigation measures, reaching levels that are beyond the planetary boundaries that define a safe operating space for humanity. We analyse several options for reducing the environmental effects of the food system, including dietary changes towards healthier, more plant-based diets, improvements in technologies and management, and reductions in food loss and waste. We find that no single measure is enough to keep these effects within all planetary boundaries simultaneously, and that a synergistic combination of measures will be needed to sufficiently mitigate the projected increase in environmental pressures."
Author/creator: Authors: Johan Rockström Benjamin Leon Bodirsky Brent Loken Charles Godfray Daniel Mason-D'Croz David Tilman Fabrice DeClerck Jess Fanzo Keith Wiebe Kimberly M. Carlson Line J. Gordon Luis Lassaletta Malin Jonell (cont. Description field)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Nature"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 October 2018

Title: Mangroves as protection from storm surges in a changing climate (English)
Date of publication: 14 March 2016
Description/subject: Abstract: "Adaptation to climate change includes addressing sea level rise and increased storm surges in many coastal areas. Mangroves can substantially reduce the vulnerability of the adjacent coastal land from inundation and erosion. However, climate change poses a large threat to mangroves. This paper quantifies the coastal protection provided by mangroves for 42 developing countries in the current climate, and a future climate change scenario with a one-meter sea level rise and 10 percent intensification of storms. The benefits of the coastal protection provided by mangroves are measured in terms of population and gross domestic product at a reduced risk from inundation; the loss of benefits under climate change is measured as the increased population and gross domestic product at risk. The findings demonstrate that although sea level rise and increased storm intensity would increase storm surge areas and the amounts of built resources at risk, the greatest impact is the expected loss of mangroves. Under current climate and mangrove coverage, 3.5 million people and roughly $400 million in gross domestic product of are at risk. In the future climate change scenario, the vulnerable population and gross domestic product at risk would increase by 103 and 233 percent, respectively. The greatest risk is in East Asia, especially in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Myanmar"
Author/creator: Author Blankespoor, Brian; Dasgupta, Susmita; Lange, Glenn-Marie;
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Bank
Format/size: pdf (849K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/03/26067772/mangroves-protection-storm-surges-changi...
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2016

Title: Land‐based climate change mitigation, land grabbing and conflict: understanding intersections and linkages, exploring actions for change
Date of publication: May 2015
Description/subject: Authors: Carol Hunsberger, Esteve Corbera, Saturnino M. Borras Jr., Romulo de la Rosa, Vuthy Eang, Jennifer C. Franco, Roman Herre, Sai Sam Kham, Clara Park, David Pred, Heng Sokheng, Max Spoor, Shwe Thein, Kyaw Thu, Ratha Thuon, Chayan Vaddhanaphuti, Kevin Woods and Courtney Work..... Abstract: "Recent research highlights the potential for climate change mitigation projects and large- scale land deals to produce conflicts over land and resources. However, this literature generally views climate change policies and land grabbing as separate processes, and focuses on discrete areas where displacement or contested claims occur. We argue that additional research strategies are needed to understand the social and ecological spill-over effects that take place within larger areas where land-based climate change projects (e.g. biofuel production, forest conservation, or hydroelectric projects) and large land-based investments (e.g. plantations or mines) are found. We propose adopting a landscape perspective to study intersections and complex interactions within and across social, ecological and institutional domains. By co-producing knowledge with local actors, building capacity with civil society groups, and informing advocacy that targets policy processes at multiple scales, we suggest that such research could contribute to preventing, resolving or transforming conflicts – even in places where difficult political transitionLand ‐ based climate change mitigation, land grabbing and conflict: understanding intersections and linkages, exploring actions for changes are underway"..... Keywords: Conflict, climate change mitigation, land grab, resource conflict, green grab, biofuel, REDD+
Author/creator: Carol Hunsberger et al
Language: English
Source/publisher: MOSAIC Research Project, International Institute of Social Studies, (Netherlands) RCSD, Chiangmai University)
Format/size: pdf (222K-reduced version; 330K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.iss.nl/fileadmin/ASSETS/iss/Research_and_projects/Research_networks/MOSAIC/CMCP_72-Hunsb...
Date of entry/update: 26 June 2015

Title: SECURING RIGHTS, COMBATING CLIMATE CHANGE - How Strengthening Community Forest Rights Mitigates Climate Change
Date of publication: August 2014
Description/subject: "...This report on community forest rights and climate change provides much-needed evidence at the global scale to demonstrate the tremendous potential for reducing emissions by strengthening communities’ forest rights. It analyzes examples from 14 forest-rich countries in Latin America, Africa, and Asia that include over two thirds of all government-recognized community forests in low- and middle-income countries. The report also presents recommendations for the international community of world leaders, government officials, advocates, and others who, if they are seriously committed to finding a far-reaching and concrete climate change solution, will call upon forested nations to strengthen community rights in their forests. For too long this approach to mitigating climate change has not received the attention it deserves. We hope this report will turn that around and draw the world’s focus to the most important factor in turning the tide against climate change and saving the world’s forests: the Indigenous Peoples and local communities who depend on them..."
Author/creator: Caleb Stevens, Robert Winterbottom, Jenny Springer, Katie Reytar
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Resources Institute
Format/size: pdf (7MB-reduced version; 9MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.wri.org/sites/default/files/securingrights-full-report-english.pdf
Date of entry/update: 19 June 2015