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Home > Main Library > Internal conflict > Internal conflict in Burma > Alliances (armed and non-armed) of non-Burman ethnic groups > United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) > Searches, reports and other documents about the UNFC

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Searches, reports and other documents about the UNFC

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Google search results for UNFC Myanmar
Description/subject: 167,000 results for "UNFC" Myanmar"; 26,300 results for "United Nationalities Federal Council Myanmar" (April 2016)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.google.co.uk/#hl=en&gs_rn=12&gs_ri=psy-ab&cp=37&gs_id=5p&xhr=t&q=United+Nationalities+Fe...
Date of entry/update: 15 May 2013

Title: Google site-specific search for UNFC on burmanet
Description/subject: 658 results (April 2016)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burmanet via Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 April 2016

Title: United Nationalities Federal Council (Profile by Myanmar Peace Monitor)
Description/subject: SUMMARY: Founded: Feb. 16, 2011 Headquarters: Chiang Mai, Thailand... The UNFC is the latest coalition of ethnic armed groups. It was renamed and reformed from the Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), founded in Nov. 2010. The UNFC wants to represent all of the ethnic armed groups during peace negotiations with the government. Previous Ethnic Alliances: National Democratic Front (NDF), 1976-ongoing Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), 2001-ongoing... Objective: The UNFC wants to establish a Federal Union in Myanmar. They have already formed the Federal Union Army (FUA) to protect ethnic areas..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Pece Monitor
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 16 July 2013

Title: United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)
Description/subject: Link to entries on UNFC under "Non_Burman and non-Buddhist groups"
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 08 January 2013

Individual Documents

Title: UNFC: We Will Join the Union Peace Conference
Date of publication: 25 August 2016
Description/subject: "CHIANG MAI, Thailand — After an emergency meeting in Thailand, the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC)—an ethnic armed alliance—has confirmed that they will attend Burma’s Union Peace Conference, scheduled to commence on Aug. 31. Senior leaders—representing each of the ethnic armed groups that are members of UNFC—attended the meeting, which began on Wednesday and lasted one-and-a-half days. “We will join the 21st Century Panglong [conference]…as it is just the grand opening, and the first session,” said Tun Zaw, a UNFC secretary, referring to the Union Peace Conference by its other commonly used name..."
Author/creator: Nyein Nyein
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2016

Date of publication: 06 August 2013
Description/subject: EBO analysis of the UNFC position developed at its Chiangmai meeting of 29-31 July, 2013...contains article-by article analuysis plus a chart of the relative strength of the UNFC and non-UNFC forces.
Language: English
Source/publisher: Euro-Burma Office (EBO) Briefing Paper No. 4/2013
Format/size: pdf (393K)
Date of entry/update: 07 August 2013

Title: 2008 charter dumped by Chiangmai conference
Date of publication: 01 August 2013
Description/subject: "The 3 day Ethnic Conference organized by the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) that ended yesterday had overwhelmingly spurned the military-drawn and adopted 2008 constitution, following a 3-hour long debate... One participant had called the 194-page composition drafted under the close guidance of the “retired” strongman Than Shwe as an attempt “to prolong the military dictatorship and keep the ethnic peoples under perpetual slavery.”... To a representative from the Women’s League of Burma (WLB), it is a “fearsome” document, as it was written by soldiers who uphold no respect for the womenfolks... The resolution was to draft a new constitution, despite counsel from some that it would mark a head-on confrontation with the military.... The meeting was also like-minded on several other topics: Change, as one put it, is just “oil on the water’s surface.” The country is just “going through the motions” but change has yet to come A nationwide ceasefire agreement without adequate guarantees of a political dialogue and monitoring mechanisms is unacceptable After two years of ceasefire and peace talks, there is little trust between the two sides (“Documents captured in battles still call us ‘insurgents’ and stress ‘total annihilation,’” said a Shan State Army representative) The President’s 8 point guidelines for peace talks received a resounding rejection (“The government is out for negotiated surrender, not negotiated settlement,” said Dr Lian H.Sakhong)..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Shan Herald Agency for News (S.H.A.N.)
Format/size: html, pdf (263K)
Alternate URLs: http://www.english.panglong.org/index.php?view=article&catid=85%3Apolitics&id=5523%3A2008-c...
Date of entry/update: 07 August 2013

Title: ALLIED IN WAR , DIVIDED IN PEACE - The Future of Ethnic Unity in Burma
Date of publication: February 2013
Description/subject: "On 20 February 2013, the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) an 11 member ethnic alliance met with the Burmese Government’s Union Peace Working Committee (UPWC) at the Holiday Inn, Chiang Mai, Thailand. The meeting , supported by the Nippon Foundation, was an attempt by Government negotiators to include all relevant actor s in the peace process. The UNFC is seen as one of the last remaining actors to represent the various armed ethnic groups in the country (for more information see BP No.6 Establishing a Common Framework) and has frequently sought to negotiate terms as an inclusive ethnic alliance...According to peace negotiator Nyo Ohn Myint , discussing the most recent meeting, in February 2013: Primarily they will discuss framework for starting the peace process, beginning with: addressing ways to advance political dialogue; the division of rev enue and resources between the central government and the ethnic states; and how to maintain communica tion channels for further talks. Khun Okker, who attended the meeting, suggested that the February meeting was primarily a trust building exercise for th e UNFC and the Government. While individual armed groups had spoken to U Aung Min throughout their negotiation processes and some had already built up trust with the negotiation team. He believed that the UNFC would be more cautious in its approach in relation to the peace process, especially considering the continuing clashes with UNFC members including the KIO and SSPP/SSA..."
Author/creator: Paul Keenan, Editor: Lian H. Sakhong
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Briefing Paper No. 12, February 2013)
Format/size: pdf (215K)
Alternate URLs: http://burmaethnicstudies.net/pdf/BCES-BP-12.pdf
Date of entry/update: 11 March 2013

Title: Establishing a common framework: The role of the United Nationalities Federal Council in the peace process and the need for an all-inclusive ethnic consultation
Date of publication: May 2012
Description/subject: "While the Burmese Government continues to seek peace with the various ethnic resistance movements individually at the local levels, the United Nationalities Federal Council – Union of Burma (UNFC) is working in the political process to ensure that any state-level talks are held through a common framework. However, there remain a number of concerns to be addressed by member organisations in recognizing a common policy that will benefit all relevant ethnic actors..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Burma Centre for Ethnic Studies (Briefing Paper No. 6 )
Format/size: pdf (598K - original; 526K - OBL version)
Date of entry/update: 11 May 2012

Title: United Nationalities Federal Council. (UNFC), the newest coalition formed in a 5-day conference last week on the Thai-Burma border
Date of publication: 21 February 2011
Description/subject: "United Nationalities Federal Council. (UNFC), the newest coalition formed in a 5-day conference last week on the Thai-Burma border could well become the only non-Burman ethnic alliance worth talking about, according to some co-founding members The Committee for the Emergence of Federal Union (CEFU), the core group that organized the conference, 12-16 February, declared its dissolution following the founding of UNFC. It was formed by three former ceasefire groups: Kachin Independence Organization (KIO), New Mon State Party (NMSP) and Shan State Army (SSA) ‘North’ plus three non-ceasefire groups: Karen National Union (KNU), Karenni National Progressive Party (KNPP) and Chin National Front (CNF) in November. By contrast, other existing coalitions, notably the National Democratic Front (NDF), formed since 1976, and the Ethnic Nationalities Council (ENC), formed since 2001, are bound to be “history soon”, according to sources who request anonymity. For the NDF, the reason is all of its member organizations, except for Arakan Liberation Front (ALP), have decided to join the UNFC..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Democracy for Burma
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2012

Title: WE ARE NOT FREE TO WORK FOR OURSELVES: Forced Labor and Other Human Rights Abuses in Burma
Date of publication: June 2002
Description/subject: "Burma’s State Peace and Development Council’s Order No. 1/99 (March 1999), along with the Supplementary Order to Order No. 1/99 (October 2000),1 outlawed forced labor throughout the country. Despite these orders, forced labor continues. The villagers of Shan State, Karenni State, Karen State, Pegu Division, Mandalay Division, and Tenasserim Division tell of their experiences in the 77 accounts that follow. Life under military rule still means a life where the rule of law is absent. Without legal recourse and continued international pressure for change, these people have no choice but to flee..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: EarthRights International (ERI)
Format/size: pdf (1.1MB)
Date of entry/update: 15 March 2007

Title: Myanmar Peace Monitor - Ethnic Peace Plan
Description/subject: All ethnic groups believe that only negotiations on the terms of the Panglong Agreement based on self-determination, federalism and ethnic equality will resolve the ethnic conflict in Myanmar. However there is no cohesive plan or body that represents all armed groups. ​ Presently the United Nationalities Federal Council (UNFC) is the most active ethnic alliance. However it does not represent all of the ethnic armed groups. Several of its members are involved in the Working Group on Ethnic Coordination (WGEC), which is administered and financed by the Brussels-based Euro-Burma Office (EBO). The EBO is the main organization responsible for liaising and coordinating with the MPSI. ​ Both the UNFC and WGEC have called for alternatives to the government’s BGF scheme and 2008 constitution. While the government claims that changes are possible by winning seats in parliament, ethnic armed groups are calling for political dialogue outside parliament.  Several of the ethnic armed groups’ main demands (excluding the government’s guiding principles that were previously mentioned) are:
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Peace Monitor
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 May 2013