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Educational infrastructure

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Title: Concerns Raised over Poorly Built School Buildings
Date of publication: 22 September 2014
Description/subject: "Private developers who flout safety rules and build substandard schools could face prosecution if MPs manage to bring a proposed crackdown into effect. Amyotha Hluttaw Speaker U Khin Aung Myint told the house on September 11 that building codes for school construction had to be respected. The speaker was responding to U Pe Thaung, Amyotha Hluttaw representative for constituency 6 of Kachin State, who asked what action the government would take against contractors for non-compliance with the building regulations and safety norms laid down by the Ministry of Education. U Pe Thaung said residents in his constituency were complaining about a company that had failed to comply with building regulations for three schools in the Indawgyi Lake area and Paung Laung village tract, which they said were shoddily built. “We need tighter supervision of building works to ensure compliance with safety norms. If companies don’t follow the rules, we should take decisive action, including prosecution and blacklisting. We should not tolerate such wicked deeds,” said U Khin Aung Myint. He expressed concern that some MPs might be reluctant to take the issue further because they run construction firms. If the problem is not addressed, one option would be to give building contracts to the Ministry of Construction instead of the private sector, he said. “Most construction companies have been founded only in the past few years, and some of them are owned by MPs and their families. This seems to make it difficult for the inspectors examining the building’s strength and quality,” he said. Deputy Minister for Education U Thant Shin said contractors ought to follow the ministry’s quality requirements and should not alter a building’s type and design at will. “The Basic Education Department will grant permission for changing a building’s type and design only after detailed representations. We will take action against those do not comply with the regulations,” he said. In the event of public complaints about building quality, the ministry generally asked the contractor to re-build in accordance with official requirements under government supervision, he said."...
Author/creator: Pyae Thet Phyo
Language: English
Source/publisher: Myanmar Times
Alternate URLs: www.mmtimes.com
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2014

Individual Documents

Title: Restoring Yangon University to Its Former Glory Captures Public Mood
Date of publication: 12 August 2012
Description/subject: "The campus of Yangon University, formerly Rangoon University, in the centre of the city, is semi-abandoned. Tall grass surrounds the old convocation hall still used by a number of universities for delivering degrees. But other structures, particularly the old student buildings, are in a dilapidated state. Some classes are still held for postgraduate and doctoral students but the main university, along with other Yangon universities, was relocated to the outskirts of town in the 1990s. With its history of student activism and dissent since British Colonial times, the military government relocated the university in part to quell student activism and prevent student demonstrations gaining support within the city. Ma Ei studied for a masters degree in international relations at the old campus in 2008. “It was very dirty, with old buildings and a lot of [overgrown] bushes. The environment was very poor,” she told University World News. In addition, the once-leafy campus lost many of its trees during Cyclone Nargis in 2008. “Many of the big trees were destroyed, almost all of the old trees are gone.” But now, as the Myanmar government looks to invest in four of its major universities as centres of excellence – part of its efforts to rebuild higher education – Yangon residents have been engaged in excited discussions over the future of the campus. This follows a suggestion by a senior presidential advisor that Yangon University be restored to its former glory as one of South East Asia’s top universities."...
Author/creator: Naw Say Phaw Waa
Language: English
Source/publisher: University World News
Alternate URLs: http://www.universityworldnews.com/
Date of entry/update: 25 September 2014

Title: Myanmar: The Management Process for Constructing Primary Schools and Providing School Furniture
Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: "This management case study has been prepared on the basis of experiences gained in the UNDP-funded and UNESCO-implemented project Improving Access of Children, Women and Men of the Poorest Communities to Primary Education for All. The infrastructure component of the education project has been impressive both in terms of the quantity of school buildings repairs, extended or replaced and in the efficiency of its implementation. These impressive achievements are due in large part to the lessons learned in the two previous projects. The resulting building and furniture designs are relevant for study by other persons and organizations working on educational infrastructure throughout Mynamar. More widely applicable, however, is the management process that has been developed. This will be useful not only in Myanmar but also to other countries involved in rural school construction programmes that rely on community participation... Contents: * Acronyms; * Introduction; * Construction: The Management Process; * Furniture Provision: The Management Process; * Toward Future Improvements; * Bibliography; * Annexes... A. Memorandum of Partnership for School Construction; B. Bill of Quantities; C. Monthly School Site Progress Report; D. Database: Monitoring Indicators; E. Work Plan; F. Funiture Process Checklist.
Language: English
Source/publisher: UNESCO Asia and Pacific Regional Bureau for Education
Format/size: pdf (1.28MB), 49pages
Alternate URLs: http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0012/001235/123502e.pdf
Date of entry/update: 01 September 2003