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Natural Disasters - General

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Title: *Youtube search for Burma OR Myanmar -natural disasters* (video)
Description/subject: About 9,220 results (August 2017)
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Various sources via Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash or html5
Date of entry/update: 21 August 2017

Description/subject: "Objectives of the DMH is as follows: (1) To take precautionary measures against and minimize the effects of natural disasters (2) To promote safety, comfort, efficiency and regularity of air, land (rail & road), sea and inland water transportation. (3) To bring sustainable development of natural resources (hydro electric power, forest produce, water use, wind energy, etc.) (4) To promote agricultural and food production. (5) To ensure efficient operation, planning and development of activities in natural defense, industry, health, social welfare and all sectors of national economy. (6) To undertake international collaboration for all development activities and works of the DMH"
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.dmh.gov.mm/
Date of entry/update: 01 December 2016

Title: MIMU Disaster Risk Reduction Sector - ဘးအႏၱရာယ္ေလ်ာ့ပါးေရးက႑ - (Burmese ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: á€±á€˜á€¸á€¡á‚á±á€›á€¬á€šá€¹ ေလွ်ာ့ခ်ေရး လုပ္ငန္းအဖြဲ႕ (DRR WG) ကို ၂၀၀၈ခုႏွစ္ ဆိုင္ကလုန္း နာဂစ္ ျပန္လည္ ထူေထာင္ေရး အေစာပိုင္း ကာလ အတြင္း ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ အစိုးရႏွင့္ ရပ္ရြာ လူထု မ်ား၏ ေဘးအႏၱရာယ္ ဒဏ္ခံႏိုင္စြမ္းကို ျမွင့္တင္ အားေပးရန္ အတြက္ ဖြဲ႕စည္းခဲ့ျခင္း ျဖစ္သည္။ ယင္းအခ်ိန္ မွစ၍ DRR WG သည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ကြဲျပား ျခားနား၍ က်ယ္ျပန္႔ စံုလင္မႈ အရွိဆံုး ကြန္ယက္မ်ား အတြင္း တစ္ခု အပါအ၀င္ ျဖစ္လာခဲ့ၿပီး လက္ရွိ အခ်ိန္၌UN၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ NGOs၊ ျပည္တြင္း NGOsႏွင့္ DRR က႑အတြင္း လုပ္ကိုင္ ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ ရွိသည့္ ကၽြမ္းက်င္ရာ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းစုစုေပါင္း (53)ဖြဲ႕ခန္႔ ပါ၀င္ ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ ရွိသည္။ DRR WG ကို အဖြဲ႕၀င္ (၁၁)ဦး ပါ၀င္သည့္ ႀကီးၾကပ္ေရး ေကာ္မတီမွ ဦးစီး ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ရွိၿပီး ယင္းအဖြဲ႕ အစည္းမ်ား အတြင္း UN အဖြဲ႕အစည္း (၃)ခု၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ NGOs သံုးခု၊ ျပည္တြင္း NGOs သံုးခု၊ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ၾကက္ေျခနီ အသင္းႏွင့္ သီးျခား ပညာရွင္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္း တစ္ရပ္တို႔ ပါ၀င္ လ်က္ရွိသည္။ DRR WG ၏ ဥကၠ႒ကို ႀကီးၾကပ္ ေရး ေကာ္မတီမွ ေရြးခ်ယ္ျခင္း ျဖစ္ၿပီး လက္ရွိ၌ UNDP မွ ဥကၠ႒ အျဖစ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ ရွိသည္။ ေဘးအႏၱရာယ္ စီမံခန္႔ခြဲေရး ဆိုင္ရာ အဓိက တာ၀န္ခံ ၀န္ႀကီးဌာန တစ္ခုျဖစ္ေသာ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး ႏွင့္ ျပန္လည္ ေနရာခ် ထားေရး ၀န္ႀကီးဌာန (RRD) ဒါရိုက္တာခ်ဳပ္ ျဖစ္ၿပီး အမ်ိဳးသား ေဘးအႏၱရာယ္ စီမံခန္႔ခြဲေရး လုပ္ငန္း ေကာ္မတီ (NDMWC) ၏ အတြင္းအေရးမွဴး လည္းျဖစ္သူမွ DRR WG ၏ တြဲဘက္ အက်ိဳးေဆာင္ ဥကၠ႒ အျဖစ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ ရွိသည္။ DRR လုပ္ငန္း အဖြဲ႕ခြဲ (DRR SSWG) ကို RRD ႏွင့္ UNDP တုိ႔မွ တြဲဘက္ ဥကၠ႒ အျဖစ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ ရွိၿပီး အဖြဲ႕၀င္မ်ား အတြင္း ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမွ အဖြဲ႕၀င္ တစ္ဦး၊ ျပည္တြင္း NGO တစ္ခုမွ အဖြဲ႕၀င္ တစ္ဦး၊ ပညာရွင္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းႏွင့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ၾကက္ေျခနီ အသင္းမွ အဖြဲ႕၀င္ တစ္ဦးက်စီ ပါ၀င္ လ်က္ရွိသည္။ အဆိုပါ ပုဂၢိဳလ္မ်ားသည္ DRR WG ၏ အဖြဲ႕၀င္ မ်ားလည္း ျဖစ္ၾကသည္။ ၂၀၁၃ ခုႏွစ္တြင္ DRR WG မွ ၂၀၁၄-၁၈ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာ မူေဘာင္ႏွင့္ စီမံခ်က္ကို ေရးဆြဲ ေဖာ္ထုတ္ခဲ့သည္။ အဓိက အေနျဖင့္ (၁) DRR ဆိုင္ရာ မူ၀ါဒႏွင့္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္း ဆိုင္ရာ မူေဘာင္မ်ားကို အားျဖည့္ ကူညီရန္၊ (၂) DRR အေကာင္အထည္ ေဖာ္ရန္ႏွင့္ ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရး လုပ္ငန္း အတြင္း DRR ကိုျဖည့္စြက္ အားျဖည့္ရန္အတြက္ ႒ာန ဆုိင္ရာမ်ား၏ စြမ္းေဆာင္ရည္ မ်ားကို ျမွင့္တင္ေပးရန္၊ (၃) DRR ဆိုင္ရာ လူထု အျမင္ဖြင့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာႏွင့္ ရပ္ရြာ အေျချပဳ ေဘးအႏၱရာယ္ ေလွ်ာ့ခ်ေရး မူေဘာင္ကို ေရးဆြဲ ေဖာ္ထုတ္ရာ၌အစိုးရအား ကူညီပံ့ပိုးရန္၊ (၄) DRR ကို အေလးေပး ေဆာင္ရြက္ေနသည့္ ျပည္တြင္း NGOs မ်ားႏွင့္ ညွိႏိႈင္း ေဆာင္ရြက္၍ယင္းတို႔၏ စြမ္း ေဆာင္ရည္မ်ား တိုးတက္လာေအာင္ ကူညီ အားျဖည့္ရန္၊ (၅) ပညာေရးႏွင့္ ပုဂၢလိက က႑မ်ားႏွင့္ မိတ္ဘက္ျပဳ လက္တြဲ ေဆာင္ရြက္ရန္ႏွင့္ (၆) အစိုးရအား ထိထိ ေရာက္ေရာက္ ကူညီ ပံ့ပိုးႏိုင္ရန္ အတြက္ DRR WG အတြင္း ပူးေပါင္း ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ အားေကာင္း လာေအာင္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။ ၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ ဇန္န၀ါရီတြင္ ျပဳလုပ္ခဲ့သည့္ DRR WG ျပန္လွန္ သံုးသပ္ေရး ခရီးစဥ္၌၂၀၁၄ ခုႏွစ္ လုပ္ငန္း အေကာင္အထည္ ေဖာ္မႈအတြက္ ႏွစ္အလိုက္ လုပ္ငန္း စီမံခ်က္မ်ား ေရးဆြဲ ေဖာ္ထုတ္ရန္ DRR WG မွ ဦးစားေပး ေဆာင္ရြက္ရမည့္ က႑ရပ္မ်ား ကို သတ္မွတ္ ေရြးခ်ယ္ခဲ့သည္။
Language: Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Myanmar Information Monitoring Unit (MIMU)
Format/size: html, pdf
Date of entry/update: 04 September 2015

Title: MIMU Disaster Risk Reduction Sector - English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Description/subject: "The Disaster Risk Reduction Working Group (DRR WG) was formed in 2008 during the early recovery phase of Cyclone Nargis to support the Government and communities to promote disaster resilience in Myanmar. Since then, the DRR WG has evolved as one of the most diverse and dynamic networks in the country, currently comprising of 53 agencies including the UN, international NGOs, local NGOs and professional organisations working for DRR. The DRR WG is led by an 11 member Steering Committee which includes three UN agencies, three international NGOs, three local NGOs, the Myanmar Red Cross Society and one professional organization. The DRR WG Chair is selected from the Steering Committee and currently UNDP is the chair. Director General of Relief and Resettlement Department (RRD), the focal department for disaster management as well as the secretariat of the National Disaster Management Working Committee (NDMWC), is the honorary chair of the DRR Working Group. The DRR Sub-Sector Working Group (DRR SSWG) which is co-chaired by the RRD and UNDP, includes a member from an international organisation, a local NGO, a professional organisation and the Myanmar Red Cross, which are also members of the DRR WG. In 2013, the DRR WG developed its 2014-18 Strategic Framework and Plan which aims to * strengthen the policy and institutional framework for DRR; build capacities of government officials to implement DRR and mainstream DRR into development; * support the government to develop a community-based disaster risk reduction framework and a public awareness strategy on DRR; * engage with and strengthen capacities of local NGOs working on DRR; * build partnerships with the private sector and academia and * strengthen the internal coordination of the DRR WG so that effective support is provided to the government..."
Language: English, Burmese (ျမန္မာဘာသာ)
Source/publisher: Myanmar Information Monitoring Unit (MIMU)
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.themimu.info/mm/sector/disaster-risk-reduction
Date of entry/update: 25 June 2016

Individual Documents

Title: Understanding the Climate-Conflict Nexus from a Humanitarian Perspective
Date of publication: May 2016
Description/subject: "This occasional policy paper aims to improve the humanitarian sector’s understanding of the nexus between climate change and violent conflict. This is crucial, given that about 80 per cent of the humanitarian crises with an inter-agency humanitarian appeal are conflict related, and climate change is expected to exacerbate this. The chair’s summary of the World Humanitarian Summit made it clear that in order to prevent conflict, a complementary approach which includes addressing climate change, is needed. The High-Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing also highlighted “the growing inter-linkages between humanitarian, development, peacekeeping and climate change-related interventions” and their relevance for humanitarian action. This paper suggests a series of indicators and new metrics for assessing the risk of climate change-induced conflict for 157 countries covering more than 99 per cent of the world’s population. The aim is to identify indicators that can help to identify countries that are exposed to what is described here as the climate-conflict nexus, i.e, the intersection between two key factors: weak institutions and pre-existing social fragility, as well as climate change vulnerability. Measuring and quantifying these interlinks, particularly their humanitarian impact, is essential for delivering on the High-Level Panel’s call to reflect their implications in humanitarian finance allocations. This paper identifies 20 countries [including Myanmar] in the climate-conflict nexus. They encompass some 780 million people living mostly in South Asia, South-East Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. All of the countries in the climate-conflict nexus are low- or lower-middle-income nations, where the international humanitarian system is already actively providing life-saving assistance to millions of people affected by recurrent humanitarian crises......Contains a short case study of Cyclone Nargis, Myanmar...
Language: English
Source/publisher: UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA)
Format/size: pdf (1.5MB-reduced version; 4.35MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://reliefweb.int/report/world/understanding-climate-conflict-nexus-humanitarian-perspective-new...
Date of entry/update: 01 July 2016

Title: Mangroves as protection from storm surges in a changing climate (English)
Date of publication: 14 March 2016
Description/subject: Abstract: "Adaptation to climate change includes addressing sea level rise and increased storm surges in many coastal areas. Mangroves can substantially reduce the vulnerability of the adjacent coastal land from inundation and erosion. However, climate change poses a large threat to mangroves. This paper quantifies the coastal protection provided by mangroves for 42 developing countries in the current climate, and a future climate change scenario with a one-meter sea level rise and 10 percent intensification of storms. The benefits of the coastal protection provided by mangroves are measured in terms of population and gross domestic product at a reduced risk from inundation; the loss of benefits under climate change is measured as the increased population and gross domestic product at risk. The findings demonstrate that although sea level rise and increased storm intensity would increase storm surge areas and the amounts of built resources at risk, the greatest impact is the expected loss of mangroves. Under current climate and mangrove coverage, 3.5 million people and roughly $400 million in gross domestic product of are at risk. In the future climate change scenario, the vulnerable population and gross domestic product at risk would increase by 103 and 233 percent, respectively. The greatest risk is in East Asia, especially in Indonesia, the Philippines, and Myanmar"
Author/creator: Author Blankespoor, Brian; Dasgupta, Susmita; Lange, Glenn-Marie;
Language: English
Source/publisher: World Bank
Format/size: pdf (849K)
Alternate URLs: http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/2016/03/26067772/mangroves-protection-storm-surges-changi...
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2016

Title: Seismic Hazard Analysis for Myanmar
Date of publication: November 2013
Description/subject: "In this study, the seismic hazards of Myanmar are analyzed based on both deterministic and probabilistic scenarios. The area of the Sumatra–Andaman Subduction Zone is newly defined and the lines of faults proposed previously are grouped into nine earthquake sources that might affect the Myanmar region. The earthquake parameters required for the seismic hazard analysis (SHA) were determined from seismicity data including paleoseismological information. Using previously determined suitable attenuation models, SHA maps were developed. For the deterministic SHA, the earthquake hazard in Myanmar varies between 0.1 g in the Eastern part up to 0.45 g along the Western part (Arakan Yoma Thrust Range). Moreover, probabilistic SHA revealed that for a 2% probability of exceedance in 50 and 100 years, the levels of ground shaking along the remote area of the Arakan Yoma Thrust Range are 0.35 and 0.45 g, respectively. Meanwhile, the main cities of Myanmar located nearby the Sagaing Fault Zone, such as Mandalay, Yangon, and Naypyidaw, may be subjected to peak horizontal ground acceleration levels of around 0.25 g."
Author/creator: Nanthaporn Somsa-Ard and Santi Palioplee
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (667K-reduced version; 736K-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs21/Nanthaporn-&-Palioplee-2013-SEISMIC_HAZARD_ANALYSIS_FOR_MYANMAR-...
Date of entry/update: 02 March 2016

Date of publication: June 2013
Description/subject: "Myanmar is exposed to a wide range of natural hazards, triggering different types of small scale to large-scale disasters across the country’s territory. A total of 27 natural disasters have been recorded between 1980 and 2010, causing the death of approximately 140,000 people, and affecting the lives and livelihoods of 3.9 million people; an average of 125,000 people a year. By far the most devastating natural disaster in Myanmar’s history, cyclone Nargis tore through the Delta region in May 2008, affecting 2.4 million people and claiming the lives of 135,000“.
Language: English
Format/size: pdf (541K-reduced version; 16.3MB-original)
Alternate URLs: http://www.themimu.info/sites/themimu.info/files/documents/Ref%20Doc_SituationAnalysis%20of%20DRR%2...
Date of entry/update: 25 June 2016