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Buddhism and society, Buddhist Ethics

Websites/Multiple Documents

Title: Buddhist Peace Fellowship
Description/subject: Engaged Buddhism
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Buddhist Peace Fellowship discussion group
Description/subject: "This group is set up for discussion, announcements, and matters of interest pertaining to Socially Engaged Buddhism in the U.S. and the world at large"
Language: English
Subscribe: bpf-subscribe@yahoogroups.com
Alternate URLs: More information: http://www.bpf.org
Date of entry/update: 23 December 2010

Title: Buddhist Relief Mission
Description/subject: "The Buddhist Relief Mission, established in 1988, supports Buddhist charities, education and welfare projects throughout the world". Buddhist publications, Scholarships for monks, Buddhists in prison, Buddhist schools, Sangha hospitals, Refugee ordinations, Buddhist orphanages, Monastery support.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Engagierter Buddhismus
Description/subject: "Diese Internet-Seiten möchten Sie mit den Inhalten und der Bewegung für gesellschaftlich engagierten Buddhismus bekannt machen und Ihnen das internationale Netzwerk engagierter Buddhisten mit seinen Zielen, Ideen, Aktivitäten und Kontaktmöglichkeiten vorstellen. Engagierter Buddhismus Gesellschaftlich, humanitär und ökologisch engagierter Buddhismus hat seine Wurzel und Entstehung in der Lehre und Lebenspraxis des Gautama Shakyamuni Buddha. Buddhas Weg gründet in der meditativen Erfahrung der Wirklichkeit und ist geprägt ist von tiefer Einsicht und großem Mitgefühl für alle Wesen. Sie und alle Phänomene erkennt er als untrennbar wechselseitig miteinander verbunden. Es gibt kein vom Anderen isoliertes, aus sich und für sich existierendes "Ich". Diese Erkenntnis - im Buddhismus "Erwachen" (bodhi) genannt - läßt uns den tiefsten Grund unseres Leidens erkennen wie auch unser unbegrenztes Potential menschlicher Möglichkeiten (genannt "Buddhaschaft"). Darum hat der Weg des Buddha die umfassende Verwirklichung des Menschen und die Befreiung aller lebenden Wesen vom Leiden zum Ziel. Engagierter Buddhismus ist die Bemühung, eine hieran orientierte, globale "Kultur des Erwachens" zu verwirklichen..."
Language: Deutsch, German, English
Source/publisher: Das Internationale Netzwerk engagierter Buddhisten
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Google search results for Dalai Lama Rohingya
Description/subject: About 219,000 results (February 2018)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 February 2018

Title: Google search results for nhat hanh rohingya
Description/subject: About 137,000 results (February 2018)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Google
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 February 2018

Title: International Network of Engaged Buddhists
Description/subject: "... It is a distinguish network of activists, spiritual leaders and academics, mainly Buddhists of all sects, at international level that addresses the social issue and commits the social services based on spirituality with collaboration from non-Buddhist fellows. INEB members conduct the activities in variety of issues to serve their own community on decentralization basis. But the members are supportive of one another. The secretariat office will maintain flow of information and support by offering a program to fortify members' capacity and organizing joint activities. Issues of Interest: INEB has firm confidence in compassion, non-violence and co-existence as revealed by The Buddha. Confrontation with suffering, analysis and actions to put out suffering, particularly in the modern world context is the core mission. The issues of interest revolve around integration of spirituality and social activities. Issues that INEB emphasized included peace reconciliation, ecology, women issue and empowerment, health, education, human rights, community building, alternative development, role of spiritual leaders in modern world context, etc..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Network of Engaged Buddhists
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: Journal of Buddhist Ethics
Description/subject: A rich mine of docs, including archives of Journal of Buddhist Ethics and on engaged Buddhism and Buddhism and human rights...... "The Journal of Buddhist Ethics is the first academic journal dedicated entirely to Buddhist ethics. We promote the study of Buddhist ethics through the publication of research and book reviews and by hosting occasional online conferences. Our subject matter includes: * Vinaya and Jurisprudence * Medical Ethics * Philosophical Ethics * Human Rights * Ethics and Psychology * Ecology and the Environment * Social and Political Philosophy * Cross-cultural Ethics * Ethics and Anthropology * Interfaith Dialogue on Ethics ....."
Language: English
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 23 December 2010

Title: Sarvodaya: The Sarvodaya Shramadana Movement of Sri Lanka
Description/subject: "In thousands of villages, Sarvodaya has fostered the development of a society in which peace permeates through all levels of the society -- starting at the individual and village level. While sometimes criticized for its qualitative mode of operation, it is precisely such a deeply grounded approach that can prove most effective in breaking the cycle of violence. "This study found that the project has had considerable impact on peace building and prevention of conflict..." "Sarvodaya News; Sarvodaya Initiative for Peace; Endowment Fund; Sarvodaya USA Partnership Projects; Sarvodaya Overview ;Sarvodaya Philosophy; The Sarvodaya Library; Related Links; Virtual Shramadana Camp. LOts of material on the site.
Language: English
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Title: The Buddhist Channel -- Bringing Buddha Dhamma Home
Description/subject: News dealing with social and political angles on Tibetan and other Buddhist traditions
Language: English, French, Francais
Source/publisher: The Buddhist Channel
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 30 August 2006

Title: Thich Nhat Hanh (videos)
Description/subject: About 5,330,000 results (February 2018) Collection of medittions, interviews etc. featuring Thich Nhat Hanh
Language: English
Source/publisher: Youtube
Format/size: Adobe Flash
Date of entry/update: 24 February 2018

Individual Documents

Title: Drops of Compassion: a letter from Sister Chan Khong
Date of publication: 16 February 2017
Description/subject: "Sister Chan Khong, the eldest monastic in the Plum Village Community of Engaged Buddhists, and Thay’s long-time collaborator, has written an open letter to Aung San Suu Kyi of Myanmar, to ask for compassionate action to prevent the violent oppression of Rohingya muslims in her country."
Author/creator: Sister Chan Khong
Language: English
Source/publisher: Plum Village
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 22 February 2018

Title: A Religious Study on the Construction of Oo-­Pwar Pagoda and Its Sculptures
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Abstract: "This paper is written with the purpose of knowing why Buddhist people worship pagoda and Buddhism is not symbolism. Myanmar culture is an integral part of Buddhism. While there is an abundance of artistic material throughout Myanmar, many people do not know that these artistic pagodas and their sculptures are related with the meaningful background. Therefore, this paper is presented based on Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda in Mandalay. Initially, it is presented which one is worthy to be a pagoda and how many kinds of pagoda are there. And then, the history of Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda and the standard of Myanmar art and architecture of that period are presented. And the construction of pagoda and its sculptures are also expressed. In which, each part of pagoda related with the teaching of Buddha is discussed. This topic is divided into three main parts, namely: meaning of pagoda, the construction of Oo-­‐Pwar pagoda and sculptures in the surrounding of the pagoda. This paper shows the background history, religious and traditional customs of the sculptures. And the fact can be seen that although Myanmar people are Theravāda Buddhists, they also do some of the practice of Mahāyana Buddhism and Hinduism as their own tradition. By doing this research, in the compound of pagoda, the tradition of ancient Myanmar are found evidently. The pagodas can be assumed as the religious things and the invaluable cultural heritages. Therefore, conservation of pagoda is beneficial to develop Buddhist religion and to conserve Myanmar cultural heritage.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Hnin Moe Hlaing
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (811K)
Alternate URLs: http://rcsd.soc.cmu.ac.th/web/Burma/home.php#
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015

Title: The Value of Life in Myanmar Theravada Buddhist Thought
Date of publication: 26 July 2015
Description/subject: Introduction: "...The first question mainly concerns with the characteristic of human life. The answer for this question is that which characteristic and quality are involved in human life. The second question chiefly regards with the cause or the origin of human life. Regarding this, there are some alternative questions such as 'How did life get here'?' Why are we here'?' How did life start'? etc. The third quest ion is very clear that it investigates the meaning of human life. The last question is also clear that it is searching for the value and purpose of human life. It is making assessment of the value and purpose of life in various philosophical systems. This paper mainly concerns with the last question. Many ordinary men may think that the value and purpose of life lies in the concept of fame, status, power, wealth etc. However, most philosophers never regard fame, status, power, wealth as the true value and purpose of life. Instead, they advocates happiness, harmony, knowledge etc are the true value of life.".....Paper delivered at the International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015.
Author/creator: Tun Shwe
Language: English
Source/publisher: International Conference on Burma/Myanmar Studies: Burma/Myanmar in Transition: Connectivity, Changes and Challenges: University Academic Service Centre (UNISERV), Chiang Mai University, Thailand, 24-­26 July 2015
Format/size: pdf (216K)
Date of entry/update: 26 August 2015

Title: Myanmar: Portraits of Diversity: Venerable Tayzar Dipati (video)
Date of publication: April 2015
Description/subject: "Commissioned by CPCS, Myanmar: Portraits of Diversity is a series of short films seeking to stimulate discussion and move audiences towards recognizing, accepting, and celebrating religious diversity in Myanmar. Directed by Kannan Arunasalam, the films present individuals from Myanmar’s different religious communities and highlight the inter-faith connections and engagement that take place naturally around the country. Featuring stories of cooperation across religious and ethnic divides, as well as the capacity for peace leadership within the country, community leaders share analysis and insights into the threat of inter-communal violence and illustrate the capacity for peace leadership...The film series seeks to stimulate alternative narratives regarding ethnic and spiritual issues in Myanmar where tolerance and cooperation are highlighted, rather than conflict and persecution. Screened together with guided reflections, the films can be used as tools to stimulate exchanges of ideas about diversity and tolerance, and to create a space to foster acceptance and share visions for the future. The issues raised by individuals featured in the films can be used to generate discussions on Myanmar’s different religious communities and highlight the kinds of inter-faith connections and engagement that take place naturally around the country. A discussion and study guide is available for each video portrait, followed by suggested activities that can also be adapted to different learning environments. For each film, background is provided on the person and their context, followed by five discussion questions and extension activities..."
Language: English and Burmese
Source/publisher: Centre for Peace and Conflict Studies (CPCS)
Format/size: Vimeo player (4:57 minutes)
Alternate URLs: http://www.centrepeaceconflictstudies.org/interventions/myanmar-portraits-of-diversity/
Date of entry/update: 30 September 2015

Title: Causes of intolerance and prejudice in Buddhism
Date of publication: 21 July 2014
Description/subject: "A sense of bewilderment is often apparent when news of violence appears with regard to Sri Lanka and Burma. The incredulity could be summarized in two ways. For the Asian Buddhist the idea is dismissed that the teachings of the Buddha could ever lead to hostility. ‘Buddhism’ is airbrushed from the scenes of violence and in its place the only thing seen is the threat to the nation, a threat to the culture and a threat to the religion. For the Western observer there is the idea that those committing these acts are not ‘real’ Buddhists. The original teachings have mingled with culture to such an extent as to become unrecognizable – dig beneath the culture, to the text, and there the ‘real’ message of the Buddha will be found. For the West (and I use the term ‘West’ not in a geographic sense but to imply those societies irrevocably influenced by modernity), Buddhism has to be separated from its cultural environment. This is out of necessity – for it is assumed that Buddhism is not a ‘religion’ at all. It is a pristine ‘other’, standing alone and somewhat aloof from the messiness of the masses. The notion that Buddhism is not a ‘religion is often a shared idea of the modern West and modern Asia..."
Author/creator: Paul Fuller
Language: English
Source/publisher: "New Mandala"
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 12 December 2014

Title: Discrimination: A Buddhist perspective
Date of publication: 17 August 2012
Description/subject: "...The Pali Canon has a very strong and unequivocal teaching that mental attachment is extremely detrimental – a biased view which asserts that people achieve freedom from suffering in any way other than their conduct is a distorted and perverted view. It is a mental attitude that leads to a very detrimental rebirth, and to pain and unhappiness in this life. It can be stated then with some certainty that in the Pali Canon there is a very strong teaching that any form of discourse that proposes a racist opinion is a wrong view, it will lead to suffering and, indeed, is dukkha itself. Those holding such opinions will not only suffer in the future but are themselves an expression of mental turmoil while holding such views. They are immersed in dukkha not metta."
Author/creator: Dr. Paul Fuller
Language: English
Source/publisher: Mizzima
Format/size: pdf (94K)
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2012

Title: Founding Human Rights within Buddhism: Exploring Buddha-Nature as an Ethical Foundation
Date of publication: 15 October 2010
Description/subject: Abstract In this article, I hope to suggest (1) a fertile ground for human rights and social ethics within Japanese intellec-tual history and (2) a possible angle for connecting Dōgen‖s ethical views with his views on private religious practice. I begin with a review of the attempts to found the notion of rights within Buddhism. I focus on two well-argued attempts: Damien Keown‖s foundation of rights on the Four Noble Truths and individual soteriology and Jay Garfield‖s foundation of rights on the compassionate drive to liberate others. I then fuse these two approaches in a single concept: Buddha-nature. I analyze Dōgen‖s own view on the practice-realization of Buddha-nature, and the equation of Buddha-nature with being, time, empti-ness, and impermanence. I end with tentative suggestions concerning how Dōgen‖s particular view on Buddha-nature might affect any social ethics or view of rights that is founded on it.
Author/creator: Anton Luis Sevilla
Language: English
Source/publisher: Journal of Buddhist Ethics Volume 17, 2010
Format/size: pdf (317 K)
Alternate URLs: http://blogs.dickinson.edu/buddhistethics/2010/10/15/human-rights-founded-on-buddha-nature/
Date of entry/update: 23 December 2010

Title: Same Robes, Different Roles
Date of publication: March 2010
Description/subject: Burmese monks in Sri Lanka find that their local counterparts wield far more power than they could ever imagine having in their homeland... "For centuries, Burmese monks have been traveling to Sri Lanka, both to study the Buddha’s teachings and to help their Sinhalese brethren restore the monastic order on the island after periods of foreign domination. Burmese monks walk along Galle Face Green, a promenade near Colombo’s city center. (PhotO: NEIL LAWRENCE/THE IRRAWADDY) These days, however, it is the Burmese monks who are more likely to feel under siege. Since the crackdown on the Saffron Revolution in 2007, the Burmese regime has imposed ever more stringent restrictions on monks seeking to further their studies abroad—reinforcing their sense that despite their revered status as religious leaders, they are increasingly regarded as second-class citizens. For those who do make it to Sri Lanka—according to one Burmese embassy official in Colombo, there are some 250 Burmese monks now living in the country—this sense is deepened by the contrast with what they see in the society around them..."
Author/creator: Neil Lawrence
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 18, No. 3
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 March 2010

Title: Thai Buddhists Help Needy Burmese Children
Date of publication: September 2008
Description/subject: "Needy children in Burma will benefit from an initiative launched by the Phuttika Network, a coalition of “socially engaged’’ Buddhists in Thailand..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 9
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 13 November 2008

Title: Putting Compassion into Action
Date of publication: July 2008
Description/subject: Do Burmese people really understand the meaning of compassion? Not according to a prominent Buddhist monk who has taken a leading role in Cyclone Nargis relief efforts... MAE SOT, Thailand — "“HOW did you feel when you heard that people were homeless, that monks had lost their monasteries and had nowhere to stay? Over 130,000 people were killed and 2.4 million suffered badly. How did you feel?” The monk who asked these questions paused and looked at his audience of around 3,000 people at the Tawya Burmese monastery in the Thai border town of Mae Sot, opposite Myawaddy. A patient is comforted by Sitagu Sayadaw in a clinic in the Irrawaddy delta. He continued: “If you felt concerned and afraid for them, that’s good. It means you have compassion.” But before anyone could take too much satisfaction in that thought, he added: “That’s good, but it’s not good enough.” The speaker was Dr Ashin Nyanissara—better known as Sitagu Sayadaw [abbot]—one of Burma’s most respected monks. He was in Mae Sot in late June to give a dhamma talk on compassion—and to ask the local Burmese community, estimated to be tens of thousands strong, to support relief efforts in the Irrawaddy delta, where millions still struggle in the aftermath of Cyclone Nargis. Since the cyclone struck on May 2-3, Sitagu Sayadaw has been rallying his followers to come to the assistance of their compatriots in the delta and the former capital, Rangoon, which also suffered substantial damage. His message was simple: Compassion is important, but it doesn’t amount to much unless it is accompanied by action. “If you lack compassion, you will be an irresponsible person,” the 71-year-old abbot told his attentive audience, who were seated both inside the monastery’s main building and outside on the ground. “But compassion in mind and in words alone won’t help the refugees in the cyclone-affected area,” he added. “Such compassion won’t bring food to people in need.”..."
Author/creator: Lyaw Zwa Moe
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" Vol. 16, No. 7
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 15 July 2008

Date of publication: 2007
Description/subject: "Weber’s claim that Buddhism is an otherworldly religion is only partially true. Early sources indicate that the Buddha was sometimes diverted from supramundane interests to dwell on a variety of politically related matters. The significance of Asoka Maurya as a paradigm for later traditions of Buddhist kingship is also well attested. However, there has been little scholarly effort to integrate findings on the extent to which Buddhism interacted with the political order in the classical and modern states of Theravada Asia into a wider, comparative study. This volume brings together the brightest minds in the study of Buddhism in Southeast Asia. Their contributions create a more coherent account of the relations between Buddhism and political order in the late pre-modern and modern period by questioning the contested relationship between monastic and secular power. In doing so, they expand the very nature of what is known as the ‘Theravada’. This book offers new insights for scholars of Buddhism, and it will stimulate new debates..."
Author/creator: Ian Harris (ed)
Language: English
Source/publisher: Routledge
Format/size: pdf (1.81MB)
Date of entry/update: 14 October 2010

Title: Friedenslauf von Köln nach Berlin. Interview mit Ashin Sopaka
Date of publication: April 2006
Description/subject: Ashin Sopaka lebt seit 3 Jahren in Köln und hat dort das buddhistische Zentrum Santi Dhamma Vihara gegründet. 1988 im Alter von 12 Jahren ist er erstmal ins Kloster als normaler Klosterschüler gegangen und wurde 6 Monate später Novize. Er blieb dem Klosterleben treu und konnte in seinem 20. Lebensjahr die 2.Ordination als Mönch durchführen. Somit lebt Ashin Sopaka bereits seit 18 Jahren, erst als Mönchsnovize dann als richtiger Mönch, in verschiedenen Klöstern und kann viel zu dem Thema Mönchsleben und die Funktion der Klöster in Myanmar sagen. Politischer Einfluss der Sangha; Politische Haltung der Sangha; Alltagsleben im Kloster; Monastery education; life in monasteries; role of monasteries in Burma; political influence of Buddhism;
Author/creator: Tanja Seller
Language: German, Deutsch
Source/publisher: Kölner Buddhismus Center
Date of entry/update: 26 September 2007

Date of publication: November 2002
Description/subject: "Sulak Sivaraksa is a prominent Thai social critic and intellectual, and a pioneer in what he calls "socially engaged Buddhism." His ideas have been widely published and in 1995 he was honored with the Right Livelihood Award, also known as the Alternative Nobel Peace Prize. He spoke to The Irrawaddy about the challenges confronting Burma, Thailand and Buddhism, and America�s role in the war on terror..."
Author/creator: Sulak Sivaraksa (Interview)
Language: English
Source/publisher: "The Irrawaddy" vol. 10, No. 9
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 03 June 2003

Date of publication: 2002
Description/subject: Keywords: Burmese elephants, Burma. I. THE ASIAN ELEPHANT: A. Cultural; B. Ecological and Conservation Issues; C. Conservation Measures... II. BUDDHISM AND DEEP ECOLOGY: A. Need for Spiritual Approach; B. Buddhism; C. Deep Ecology; D. Wildlife (poaching); E. Forest Protection (D and E are considered the two major elephant threats)... III. DHAMMA/ECOLOGY GLOSSARY... IV. APPENDIX: DHAMMA/DEEP ECOLOGY EXPERIENTIAL EXERCISES... " Dr. Henning’s resource guide, which combines Buddhist principles and Asian elephant conservation in Myanmar, is an innovative approach to Asian elephant conservation. I have never seen someone with a biological background such as Dr. Henning’s attempt this approach in such a clear, concise manner. I found the resource guide to be an excellent potential teaching tool not only for Myanmar but also for any Buddhist country in which elephant conservation is an issue. I could easily envision this guide as the first in a series of written materials that deals with such conservation issues, perhaps beyond elephants. I would think that any individuals or agencies interested in conserving Asian elephants would be interested in this guide and would want to help make it available to a wider audience."... "The Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), an endangered species listed in Appendix I of CITIES, is thought to number between 34,000 to 56,000 in thirteen Asian countries. According to U Uga, there are less than 4,000 elephants in the wild in Myanmar, which has the largest population in the ASEAN countries (India has a larger population for the continent). The total Asian elephant population is less than 10 percent of its more glamorous cousin-the African elephant. The Myanmar elephant is internationally endangered and is regarded as a worldwide flagship species. Throughout their range states, the wild elephant is severely threatened by habitat destruction, poaching, and fragmentation into small isolated groups. Many population biologists believe that nowhere in Asia is there a single wild population large enough to avoid inbreeding over the long term. ..."
Author/creator: Daniel H. Henning PhD
Language: English
Source/publisher: Daniel H. Henning
Format/size: pdf (832K)
Date of entry/update: 23 February 2004

Title: Buddhism and Human Rights Online Conference
Date of publication: October 1995
Description/subject: "Welcome to "Buddhism and Human Rights," an Online Conference sponsored by the _Journal of Buddhist Ethics_. Thank you for choosing to participate in the first electronic conference ever attempted in Buddhist Studies. Those of us at the _Journal of Buddhist Ethics_ are truly excited to be venturing forth into new intellectual territory in an attempt to make important scholarship on Buddhism and Human Rights available to the widest possible audience. We hope you enjoy the conference and feel free to contribute to it in a constructive and productive manner. Consistent with our previous announcements, participation in the conference is structured on three levels: (1) conference papers, which were prepared in advance and are already posted in the JBE, (2) conference panelists, who have prepared advance statements, also posted in the JBE, and who will facilitate the discussions of the papers, and (3) conference members who "attend" by subscribing, free of charge, and who offer comments, questions, and observations at their discretion. Because we are exploring uncharted territory, it is rather difficult to anticipate the volume of participant response. As such, all comments, questions, and observations will be monitored. We will post as many of these as we possibly can (screening out any submissions deemed inappropriate for publication by the editors). It is our fond desire that the fine papers prepared for the conference will provoke serious, thoughtful discussion that reflects the deep concerns of the conference's constituents, while at the same time preserving the spontaneity that hopefully emerges in any conference setting..."
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Journal of Buddhist Ethics" via Ahimsa Coffeehouse
Format/size: html
Date of entry/update: 17 August 2012

Title: Dhamma, Ethics and Human Rights
Date of publication: December 1994
Description/subject: "...At the heart of Buddhist ethics is inter-responsibility, or Bodhicitta; what His Holiness the Dalai Lama calls Universal Responsibility. In the Theravada we speak of Samma-sankappa or Right Thought, which leads to Bodhi, the Awakened Mind. This principle is expressed in everyday terms by the teaching of loving-kindness, non-violence, compassion, and particular responsibilities. For monks and nuns these are set down in the rule or Vinaya; for lay people in the Sigalovada Sutta and for rulers in the Dasarajadhamma. In the early, organic societies the Buddha was addressing, these specific responsibilities were assumed to be adequate guidelines for human behaviour, with no need to identify the corresponding rights. In modern, fragmented societies, however, where the fulfillment of responsibilities cannot be guaranteed by the immediate community, the corresponding rights are specified and protected by States and International Organisations. In large part these bodies derive their legitimacy from their protection of human rights. A State which does not guarantee the enjoyment of human rights by its people loses its claim to legitimacy..."
Author/creator: Sayadaw U Rewata Dhamma
Language: English
Format/size: html (31K)
Date of entry/update: 13 March 2005

Title: To Cherish All Life - A Buddhist view on Animal Slaughter and Meat Eating
Date of publication: 1981
Description/subject: "American born Philip Kapleau has been a Buddhist monk for 25 years. In 1966, upon his return to America from Japan, where he had trained for 13 years, he finally renounced what he calls, “my reluctant cannibalism,” the eating of every kind of flesh food. “While in Japan,” he says, “I wrestled with my conscience, trying to reconcile the first Buddhist vow to refrain from taking life with my obvious complicity in the slaughter of innocent creatures whose flesh I consumed. I pretended to love animals while at the same time regularly eating them..."
Author/creator: Roshi Phillip Kapleau
Language: English
Source/publisher: Buddhanet
Format/size: pdf (3MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.buddhanet.net/pdf_file/lifecherish.pdf
Date of entry/update: 18 November 2014

Title: The Rajadhammasangaha
Date of publication: 1979
Description/subject: "The Rajadhammasangaha" was presented to King Thibaw in December 1878. The first printing was c.1915. This translation by L.E.Bagshawe is from the version edited with a biographical preface by Maung Htin (U Htin Fatt) and published by the Sape U Publishing House in 1979... "On the seventh waxing day of Nadaw...the Wetmasut Myoza Wungyi finished the writing of his book Rajadhammasangaha and presented it to King Thibaw. The author describes it pleasantly as “a book of the proper behaviour for Kings and other high officers of government”. The Pagan Wundauk U Tin, however, says “it is a book of admonishment addressed to King Thibaw.” And in this he speaks the direct truth. In this book the Wetmasut Myoza Wungyi documents the proposals for changes in the system of government that were planned from the time of King Mindon. His intention in writing the book, he says, is, “In bygone times of the Buddha-to-be there were good and excellent Kings who guarded the well-being of all living creatures; like them may our own King, Lord of the Saddanta Elephant and Lawful King, under the Law guard the well-being of all living creatures like that of his own beloved children.” This expressed intention has a further meaning. Under an autocracy we cannot really say that the monarch rules with the single-minded wish to rule all living creatures on the same terms as his own children. If he is brought to the point where he must consult the "living creatures", we may be able to say that he regards them on equal terms with his own children. If there is no law requiring consultation, his guardianship becomes dubious..."
Author/creator: By the Yaw Mingyi U Hpo Hlaing (the Wetmasut Myoza Wungyi). Edited with biographical preface by Maung Htin (U Htin Fatt) and translated from the Burmese by L.E. Bagshawe
Language: English
Source/publisher: Online Burma/Myanmar Library
Format/size: pdf (1MB)
Alternate URLs: http://www.ibiblio.org/obl/docs/The_Rajadhammasangaha-print.pdf (configured for print)
Date of entry/update: 05 September 2004

Date of publication: 1973
Description/subject: "... "Right Livelihood" is one of the requirements of the Buddha’s Noble Eightfold Path. It is clear, therefore, that there must be such a thing as Buddhist economics. Buddhist countries have often stated that they wish to remain faithful to their heritage. So Burma: “The New Burma sees no conflict between religious values and economic progress. Spiritual health and material well-being are not enemies: they are natural allies.” 1 Or: “We can blend successfully the religious and spiritual values of our heritage with the benefits of modern technology.” 2 Or: “We Burmans have a sacred duty to conform both our dreams and our acts to our faith. This we shall ever do.” 3 All the same, such countries invariably assume that they can model their economic development plans in accordance with modern economics, and they call upon modern economists from so-called advanced countries to advise them, to formulate the policies to be pursued, and to construct the grand design for development, the Five-Year Plan or whatever it may be called. No one seems to think that a Buddhist way of life would call for Buddhist economics, just as the modern materialist way of life has brought forth modern economics. Economists themselves, like most specialists, normally suffer from a kind of metaphysical blindness, assuming that theirs is a science of absolute and invariable truths, without any presuppositions. Some go as far as to claim that economic laws are as free from "metaphysics" or "values" as the law of gravitation. We need not, however, get involved in arguments of methodology. Instead, let us take some fundamentals and see what they look like when viewed by a modern economist and a Buddhist economist..."
Author/creator: E.F. Schumacher
Language: English
Source/publisher: "Small Is Beautiful: Economics as if People Mattered"
Format/size: pdf (72K)
Date of entry/update: 16 January 2005

Title: Smokey the Bear Sutra
Date of publication: 1969
Description/subject: "Once in the Jurassic about 150 million years ago, the Great Sun Buddha in this corner of the Infinite Void gave a Discourse to all the assembled elements and energies: to the standing beings, the walking beings, the flying beings, and the sitting beings -- even grasses, to the number of thirteen billion, each one born from a seed, assembled there: a Discourse concerning Enlightenment on the planet Earth..."
Author/creator: Gary Snyder
Language: English
Source/publisher: Gary Snyder
Format/size: pdf (46K)
Date of entry/update: 09 August 2015

Title: Dasa Raja Dhamma (The Ten Duties of Rulers)
Date of publication: 0400
Description/subject: The basic framework of Buddhist ethics for rulers is set out in the "Ten Duties of the King" (dasa-raja-dhamma)... "We cannot assign a definite date to the Jataka stories. Taking into account archaeological and literary evidence it appears that they were compiled in the period, the 3rd Century B.C. to the 5th Century A.D. They give us invaluable information about ancient Indian civilization, culture and philosophy. The Jataka stories have been very popular in the Buddhist world."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Jataka
Format/size: html (9K)
Date of entry/update: 06 August 2005

Title: The Practice which leads to Nibbāna (Part 1)
Description/subject: (Compiled and Translated by U.Dhamminda)_Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa_ INTRODUCTION: The method of practising meditation that is taught at Pa Auk Tawya Monastery is based on the explanation of meditation found in the Visuddhimagga commentary. Because of that the method involves several stages of practise which are complex, and involved. These stages include a detailed analysis of both mentality and matter according to all the categories enumerated in the Abhidhamma and the further use of this understanding to discern the process of Dependent Origination as it occurs in the Past, Present, and Future. Therefore people who are unfamiliar with the Visuddhimagga and the Abhidhamma will have difficulty in understanding and developing a clear picture of the practice of meditation at Pa Auk Tawya. For foreigners who cannot speak Burmese this problem is made even more difficult. This introduction has been written to help alleviate these difficulties by presenting a simplified example of a successful meditator’s path of progress as he develops his meditation at Pa Auk Tawya. This we hope will enable you to understand a little better the more detailed sections of the book which are the actual instructions for those who are practising meditation. It also must be stressed from the beginning that this book is intended for use by people who are actually undergoing a course of meditation at the centre under the guidance of Pa Auk Sayadaw....."
Author/creator: Pa Auk Sayadaw
Language: English
Source/publisher: Dhamma Web
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.dhammaweb.net/html/viewpage.php?page=2
Date of entry/update: 23 December 2010

Title: The Sigalovada Sutta (The Layman's Code of Discipline)
Description/subject: Responsibilities Within the Family. Responsibilities Within the Society... The Buddha delivered many discourses on the life of lay followers. In one of these discourses, which is called the Sigalovada Sutta, the Buddha talked about the roles and responsibilities of members within the family and within the society. He defined the ideal relationships that the lay follower should develop with respect to his family and the society at large. These relationships are based on the acceptance of reciprocal responsibilities between people."
Language: English
Source/publisher: Buddhanet
Format/size: html
Alternate URLs: http://www.buddhanet.net
Date of entry/update: 03 September 2015